Proline-, glutamic acid- and leucine-rich protein 1 (PELP1) is an oestrogen receptor (ER) coregulator protein identified by our collaborative group. Work from our laboratory and others has shown that PELP1 is a scaffold protein that interacts with ERs and kinase signalling factors, as well as proteins involved in chromatin remodelling and DNA repair. Its role in mediating 17β-oestradiol (E2) signalling and actions has been studied in detail in cancer cells, although only recently has attention turned to its role in the brain. In this review, we discuss the tissue, cellular and subcellular localisation of PELP1 in the brain. We also discuss recent evidence from PELP1 forebrain-specific knockout mice demonstrating a critical role of PELP1 in mediating both extranuclear and nuclear ER signalling in the brain, as well as E2-induced neuroprotection, anti-inflammatory effects and regulation of cognitive function. Finally, the PELP1 interactome and unique gene network regulated by PELP1 in the brain is discussed, especially because it provides new insights into PELP1 biology, protein interactions and mechanisms of action in the brain. As a whole, the findings discussed in the present review indicate that PELP1 functions as a critical ER coregulator in the brain to mediate E2 signalling and actions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience