Penicillin-binding proteins and peptidoglycan of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum

J. D. Radolf, C. Moomaw, Clive A. Slaughter, M. V. Norgard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum (T. pallidum) were characterized by using [3H]penicillin G and a conjugate consisting of ampicillin and 125I-labeled Bolton-Hunter reagent. Both antibiotics specifically rdiolabeled proteins with molecular masses of 94, 80, 63, and 58 kilodaltons (kDa); 125-labeled Bolton-Hunter reagent-ampicillin also radiolabeled several polypeptides, with lower molecular masses. The 94- and 58-kDa proteins demonstrated the highest binding affinities for [3H]penicillin G and were radiolabeled at concentrations of 8 and 40 nM, respectively. Radiolabeling of PBPs was detectable after 1 min of incubation in 1 μM [3H]penicillin G and was nearly maximal within 10 min. The rapidity of penicillin binding contrasted with the observation that only 40% of virulent treponemes became immobilized during prolonged incubation in vitro with a much higher concentration (1 mM) of unlabeled penicillin. Two lines of evidence indicated that most, if not all, of the PBPs are integral cytoplasmic membrane proteins: (i) preincubation of organisms in 0.1% Triton X-100 solubilized nearly all of the outer membranes but did not affect radiolabeling of PBPs, and (ii) except for the 80-kDa protein, the PBPs partitioned into the detergent phase following extraction with the nonionic detergent Triton X-114. The presence of peptidoglycan in T. pallidum was confirmed by the detection of muramic acid in the sodium dodecyl sulfate-insoluble, proteinase K-resistant residue obtained from Triton X-114-extracted organisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1248-1254
Number of pages7
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume57
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Penicillin-Binding Proteins
Treponema pallidum
Globus Pallidus
Peptidoglycan
Penicillin G
Ampicillin
Penicillins
Detergents
Muramic Acids
Endopeptidase K
Proteins
Octoxynol
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Membrane Proteins
Cell Membrane
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Peptides
Membranes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Penicillin-binding proteins and peptidoglycan of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum. / Radolf, J. D.; Moomaw, C.; Slaughter, Clive A.; Norgard, M. V.

In: Infection and Immunity, Vol. 57, No. 4, 01.01.1989, p. 1248-1254.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Radolf, J. D. ; Moomaw, C. ; Slaughter, Clive A. ; Norgard, M. V. / Penicillin-binding proteins and peptidoglycan of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum. In: Infection and Immunity. 1989 ; Vol. 57, No. 4. pp. 1248-1254.
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