Periodontal healing following reconstructive surgery: Effect of guided tissue regeneration using a bioresorbable barrier device when combined with autogenous bone grafting. A randomized-controlled trial 10-year follow-up

Per Nygaard-Østby, Vibeke Bakke, Oddny Nesdal, Cristiano Susin, Ulf M E Wikesjö

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37 Scopus citations


Objective: The objective of this 10-year randomized-controlled trial follow-up was to evaluate the stability of treatment outcomes following the implantation of autogenous bone graft with or without guided tissue regeneration (GTR) in the treatment of deep intra-bony periodontal defects. Materials and Methods: Forty patients exhibiting deep intra-bony periodontal defects were included in a randomized-controlled trial evaluating the adjunctive effect of GTR to autogenous bone graft. Twenty-six of 39 patients completing the original study were available for follow-up 10 years post-treatment. The patients had been included in a structured maintenance programme and were evaluated using the criteria of the original study by the same investigators. Results: Significant improvements in the probing depth and clinical attachment level were observed for both groups between baseline and 9 months. Whereas the autogenous bone graft+GTR group showed significant improvements in probing bone levels and increased gingival recession at 9 months, no significant differences were observed for the autogenous bone graft group. Nine-month within-group results were maintained throughout the 10-year follow-up. Nevertheless, between-group comparisons at 10 years showed that the autogenous bone graft+GTR group exhibited significantly greater probing depth reduction (mean ± SE: 4.2 ± 0.5 versus 2.7 ± 0.5 mm, p=0.023) and probing bone-level gain (3.9 ± 0.8 versus 1.3 ± 0.9 mm, p=0.034) than the autogenous bone graft group. Borderline significant differences between the autogenous bone graft+GTR and the autogenous bone graft groups were observed for clinical attachment level gain at 10 years (3.8 ± 0.5 versus 2.2 ± 0.7 mm, p=0.067), whereas no significant differences were observed for gingival recession (0.7 ± 0.3 versus 0.6 ± 0.5 mm, p>0.05). Conclusions: The results of this randomized study suggest that statistically significant differences were found with the adjunct use of GTR to an autogenous bone graft at 10 years. Nevertheless, these results should be interpreted with caution in light of its clinical relevance and biological rationale. Importantly, resolution of deep intra-bony periodontal defects can be maintained in the presence of a structured maintenance programme emphasizing high oral hygiene standards.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-373
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010



  • Autogenous bone graft
  • Barrier membrane
  • Guided tissue regeneration
  • Long term
  • Periodontal regeneration
  • Polylactic acid
  • Randomized-controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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