This study investigates downscatter effects in cardiac single-photon emission tomographic studies with simultaneous thallium-201/technetium-99m acquisition, and evaluated a previously proposed subtraction technique for downscatter compensation. Ten studies were carried out with different defect sizes and locations and varying activity distributions using four energy windows: 70±10% keV, 140±10% keV, 100±10% KeV, and 103±16% keV. The subtraction technique used the 100-or 103-keV data to remove scattered 99mTc counts from the 70-keV data. The size and contrast of infarcts in the dual-isotope 70-keV image were artificially decreased compared to those in the 140-keV image, caused by scattered 99mTe counts that were comparable to the primary 201T1 counts in the 70-keV window. The subtraction technique produced larger defects and more heterogeneous activity in the myocardial wall in dual-isotope 70-keV images compared to the corresponding 201T1-only images. These artifacts were caused by the markedly different spatial distributions of scattered 99mTe counts in the 100-keV (or 103-keV) window as compared with the 70-keV window. It is concluded that scattered 99mTc photons may cause overestimation of ischemia and myocardial viability in simultaneous dual-isotope patient studies. The proposed subtraction technique was inaccurate and produced image artifacts. Adequate downscatter compensation methods must be developed before applying simultaneous 201T1/99mTC acquisition in clinical practice.
- Simultaneous dual-isotope acquisition
- Single-photon emission tomography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging