Predicting radiation damage to specific organs is becoming ever more challenging with the use of intensity-modulated beams, nonuniform dose distributions, partial organ irradiation, and interpatient and even intraorgan variations in radiation sensitivity. Data-based physical models can be of use in summarizing complicated dose-volume data to help describe clinical outcomes and ultimately aid in the prediction of clinical toxicity. This article attempts to provide a brief overview of the use of normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) models and other simple dose/volume metrics to describe a few clinically significant complications (either frequent or serious) associated with radiation therapy of the head and neck, thorax, and abdominal-pelvic regions. Specifically, it reviews the application of these methods for late toxicities of the parotid, lung, heart, spinal cord, liver, and rectum. It focuses on organ-specific NTCP parameters as well as simple dosimetric descriptors that might be used to help treatment plan evaluation in clinical practice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research