Postoperative neurosurgical infections due to bacillus species

Ronald F. Young, Robert N. Yoshimori, Dennis L. Murray, Paula J. Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cases of 2 patients with postoperative ventriculitis due to Bacillus species bacteria are presented. Bacillus licheniformis was isolated from one patient following removal of an intraventricular meningioma, and Bacillus cereus from another patient following placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Both isolates were resistant to a variety of antibiotics, but both were sensitive to gentamicin and chloramphenicol. These cases emphasize several points: (1) Bacillus species, usually thought to be nonpathogenic, may produce intracranial infections; (2) species identification is important for epidemiological purposes and for the selection of appropriate chemotherapeutic agents; and (3) in cases of suspected ventriculitis, chloramphenicol or gentamicin should be considered for Gram's staining revealing gram-positive bacilli. In addition, we recommend that when planning antibiotic prophylactic regimens, consideration should be given to including one of these agents to assure coverage of Bacillus species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-273
Number of pages3
JournalSurgical Neurology
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1982

Keywords

  • Bacillus cereus
  • Bacillus licheniformis
  • antibiotic treatment
  • postoperative infection
  • shunt infection
  • ventriculitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Postoperative neurosurgical infections due to bacillus species'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Young, R. F., Yoshimori, R. N., Murray, D. L., & Chou, P. J. (1982). Postoperative neurosurgical infections due to bacillus species. Surgical Neurology, 18(4), 271-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/0090-3019(82)90343-3