Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is firmly established as an important curative therapy for patients with hematologic malignancies and other blood disorders. Apart from finding HLA-matched donors during the HSCT process, donor availability remains a key consideration as the time taken from diagnosis to transplant is recognized to adversely affect patient outcome. In this study, we aimed to develop and validate a machine learning approach to predict the availability of stem cell donors. We retrospectively collected a data set containing 10,258 verification typing requests made during the HSCT process in the British Bone Marrow Registry (BBMR) between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2018. Three machine learning algorithms were implemented and compared, including boosted decision trees (BDTs), logistic regression, and support vector machines. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was primarily used to assess the algorithms. The experimental results showed that BDTs performed better in predicting the availability of BBMR donors. The overall predictive power of the model, using AUC on the test cohort of 2052 records, was found to be 0.826. Our findings show that machine learning can predict the availability of donors with a high degree of accuracy. We propose the use of the BDT machine learning approach to predict the availability of BBMR donors and use the predictive scores during the HSCT process to ensure patients with blood cancers or disorders receive a transplant at the optimum time.
- allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
- donor availability
- donor selection
- machine learning
ASJC Scopus subject areas