Predicting violence and recidivism in a large sample of males on probation or parole

Lettie Prell, Michael J Vitacco, Denis Zavodny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluated the utility of items and scales from the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument in a sample of 1961 males from the state of Iowa who were on probation or released from prison to parole supervision. This is the first study to examine the potential of the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument to predict criminal offenses. The males were followed for 30 months immediately following their admission to probation or parole. AUC analyses indicated fair to good predictive power for the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument for charges of violence and victimization, but chance predictive power for drug offenses. Notably, both scales of the instrument performed equally well at the 30-month follow-up. Items on the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument not only predicted violence, but are straightforward to score. Violence management strategies are discussed as they relate to the current findings, including the potential to expand the measure to other jurisdictions and populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Volume49
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Fingerprint

probation
Violence
Crime Victims
violence
victimization
offense
Prisons
Area Under Curve
correctional institution
supervision
jurisdiction
drug
management
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Population

Keywords

  • Criminal behavior
  • Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument
  • Risk assessment
  • Violence risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Law

Cite this

Predicting violence and recidivism in a large sample of males on probation or parole. / Prell, Lettie; Vitacco, Michael J; Zavodny, Denis.

In: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, Vol. 49, 01.09.2016, p. 107-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{919f737a29ee4ae89781629598b11bce,
title = "Predicting violence and recidivism in a large sample of males on probation or parole",
abstract = "This study evaluated the utility of items and scales from the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument in a sample of 1961 males from the state of Iowa who were on probation or released from prison to parole supervision. This is the first study to examine the potential of the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument to predict criminal offenses. The males were followed for 30 months immediately following their admission to probation or parole. AUC analyses indicated fair to good predictive power for the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument for charges of violence and victimization, but chance predictive power for drug offenses. Notably, both scales of the instrument performed equally well at the 30-month follow-up. Items on the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument not only predicted violence, but are straightforward to score. Violence management strategies are discussed as they relate to the current findings, including the potential to expand the measure to other jurisdictions and populations.",
keywords = "Criminal behavior, Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument, Risk assessment, Violence risk",
author = "Lettie Prell and Vitacco, {Michael J} and Denis Zavodny",
year = "2016",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijlp.2016.08.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "107--113",
journal = "International Journal of Law and Psychiatry",
issn = "0160-2527",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predicting violence and recidivism in a large sample of males on probation or parole

AU - Prell, Lettie

AU - Vitacco, Michael J

AU - Zavodny, Denis

PY - 2016/9/1

Y1 - 2016/9/1

N2 - This study evaluated the utility of items and scales from the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument in a sample of 1961 males from the state of Iowa who were on probation or released from prison to parole supervision. This is the first study to examine the potential of the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument to predict criminal offenses. The males were followed for 30 months immediately following their admission to probation or parole. AUC analyses indicated fair to good predictive power for the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument for charges of violence and victimization, but chance predictive power for drug offenses. Notably, both scales of the instrument performed equally well at the 30-month follow-up. Items on the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument not only predicted violence, but are straightforward to score. Violence management strategies are discussed as they relate to the current findings, including the potential to expand the measure to other jurisdictions and populations.

AB - This study evaluated the utility of items and scales from the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument in a sample of 1961 males from the state of Iowa who were on probation or released from prison to parole supervision. This is the first study to examine the potential of the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument to predict criminal offenses. The males were followed for 30 months immediately following their admission to probation or parole. AUC analyses indicated fair to good predictive power for the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument for charges of violence and victimization, but chance predictive power for drug offenses. Notably, both scales of the instrument performed equally well at the 30-month follow-up. Items on the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument not only predicted violence, but are straightforward to score. Violence management strategies are discussed as they relate to the current findings, including the potential to expand the measure to other jurisdictions and populations.

KW - Criminal behavior

KW - Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument

KW - Risk assessment

KW - Violence risk

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84995600663&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84995600663&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijlp.2016.08.003

DO - 10.1016/j.ijlp.2016.08.003

M3 - Article

C2 - 27686952

AN - SCOPUS:84995600663

VL - 49

SP - 107

EP - 113

JO - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry

JF - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry

SN - 0160-2527

ER -