Predicting violence and recidivism in a large sample of males on probation or parole

Lettie Prell, Michael J Vitacco, Denis Zavodny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study evaluated the utility of items and scales from the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument in a sample of 1961 males from the state of Iowa who were on probation or released from prison to parole supervision. This is the first study to examine the potential of the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument to predict criminal offenses. The males were followed for 30 months immediately following their admission to probation or parole. AUC analyses indicated fair to good predictive power for the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument for charges of violence and victimization, but chance predictive power for drug offenses. Notably, both scales of the instrument performed equally well at the 30-month follow-up. Items on the Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument not only predicted violence, but are straightforward to score. Violence management strategies are discussed as they relate to the current findings, including the potential to expand the measure to other jurisdictions and populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Volume49
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Criminal behavior
  • Iowa Violence and Victimization Instrument
  • Risk assessment
  • Violence risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Law

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