The calcium-dependent proline-rich tyrosine kinase (Pyk2), a nonreceptor protein activated by tyrosine phosphorylation, links G protein-coupled receptors to vascular responses. We tested the hypothesis that enhanced vascular reactivity in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive mice is due to increased activation of Pyk2. Aorta and small mesenteric arteries from DOCA-salt and uninephrectomized (UNI) male C57Bl/6 mice were used. Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) was higher in DOCA (126 ± 3) vs. UNI (100 ± 4) mice. Vascular responses to phenylephrine (1 nM to 100 μM) were greater both in aorta and small mesenteric arteries from DOCA-salt than UNI, but treatment with Tyrphostin A-9 (0.1 μM, Pyk2 inhibitor) abolished the difference among the groups. Pyk2 levels, as well as phospho-Pyk2Tyr402, paxillin, and phospho-paxillinTyr118 were increased in DOCA-salt aorta. Incubation of vessels with Tyrphostin A-9 restored phosphorylation of Pyk2 and paxillin. Increased activation of Pyk2 contributes to increased vascular contractile responses in DOCA-salt mice.
- vascular smooth muscle cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine