Cellular senescence is a state of irreversible growth arrest. Short-term programmed senescence such as in embryonic development and slowly progressing senescence as in aging are both well described. However, acute senescence in living organisms is not well understood. We hypothesized that hemorrhagic shock injury (HI) caused by whole body hypoxia and nutrient deprivation, resulting in organ dysfunction due to severe blood loss, could lead to acute senescence in vivo. Our experiments, for the first time, demonstrate a rapidly emerged, senolytics-responsive, senescence-like response in the rat liver in less than five hr following hemorrhagic shock. We conclude that the senescence, or pseudosenescence, observed is necessary to maintain tissue homeostasis following the injury.
- acute senescence
- cell cycle
- senescence-associated secretory phenotype
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology