Rates of chronic medical conditions in 1991 Gulf war veterans compared to the general population

Clara G. Zundel, Maxine H. Krengel, Timothy Heeren, Megan K. Yee, Claudia M. Grasso, Patricia A. Janulewicz Lloyd, Steven Scott Coughlin, Kimberly Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prevalence of nine chronic medical conditions in the population-based Ft. Devens Cohort (FDC) of GW veterans were compared with the population-based 2013–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cohort. Excess prevalence was calculated as the difference in prevalence estimates from the Ft. Devens and NHANES cohorts; and confidence intervals and p-values are based on the standard errors for the two prevalence estimates. FDC males were at increased risk for reporting seven chronic medical conditions compared with NHANES males. FDC females were at decreased risk for high blood pressure and increased risk for diabetes when compared with NHANES females. FDC veterans reporting war-related chemical weapons exposure showed higher risk of high blood pressure; diabetes; arthritis and chronic bronchitis while those reporting taking anti-nerve gas pills had increased risk of heart attack and diabetes. GW veterans are at higher risk of chronic conditions than the general population and these risks are associated with self-reported toxicant exposures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number949
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2 2019

Fingerprint

Gulf War
Veterans
Nutrition Surveys
Population
Hypertension
Weapons
Chronic Bronchitis
Arthritis
Myocardial Infarction
Confidence Intervals

Keywords

  • Chemical weapons
  • Chronic conditions
  • Fort devens cohort
  • Gulf war
  • Gulf war illness
  • NHANES
  • Pyridostigmine bromide
  • Veterans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Zundel, C. G., Krengel, M. H., Heeren, T., Yee, M. K., Grasso, C. M., Janulewicz Lloyd, P. A., ... Sullivan, K. (2019). Rates of chronic medical conditions in 1991 Gulf war veterans compared to the general population. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(6), [949]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060949

Rates of chronic medical conditions in 1991 Gulf war veterans compared to the general population. / Zundel, Clara G.; Krengel, Maxine H.; Heeren, Timothy; Yee, Megan K.; Grasso, Claudia M.; Janulewicz Lloyd, Patricia A.; Coughlin, Steven Scott; Sullivan, Kimberly.

In: International journal of environmental research and public health, Vol. 16, No. 6, 949, 02.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zundel, Clara G. ; Krengel, Maxine H. ; Heeren, Timothy ; Yee, Megan K. ; Grasso, Claudia M. ; Janulewicz Lloyd, Patricia A. ; Coughlin, Steven Scott ; Sullivan, Kimberly. / Rates of chronic medical conditions in 1991 Gulf war veterans compared to the general population. In: International journal of environmental research and public health. 2019 ; Vol. 16, No. 6.
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