Reactive Oxygen Species-Dependent Calpain Activation Contributes to Airway and Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Jing Zhu, Laszlo Kovacs, Weihong Han, Guojun Liu, Yuqing Huo, Rudolf Lucas, David Fulton, Peter A. Greer, Yunchao Su

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Abstract

Aims: Airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling is an important pathological feature in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Tobacco smoke (TS) induces the production of large amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in COPD lungs. We investigated how ROS lead to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling in COPD. Results: We used in vitro bronchial and pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (BSMCs and PASMCs), in vivo TS-induced COPD rodent models, and lung tissues of COPD patients. We found that H2O2 and TS extract (TSE) induced calpain activation in BSMCs and PASMCs. Calpain activation was elevated in smooth muscle of bronchi and pulmonary arterioles in COPD patients and TS-induced COPD rodent models. Calpain inhibition attenuated H2O2-and TSE-induced collagen synthesis and proliferation of BSMCs and PASMCs. Exposure to TS causes increases in airway resistance, right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), and thickening of bronchi and pulmonary arteries. Calpain inhibition by smooth muscle-specific knockout of calpain and the calpain inhibitor MDL28170 attenuated increases in airway resistance, RVSP, and thickening of bronchi and pulmonary arteries. Moreover, smooth muscle-specific knockout of calpain did not reduce TS-induced emphysema in the mouse model, but MDL28170 did reduce TS-induced emphysema in the rat model. Innovation: This study provides the first evidence that ROS-induced calpain activation contributes to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling in TS-induced COPD. Calpain might be a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of COPD. Conclusion: These results indicate that ROS-induced calpain activation contributes to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling and pulmonary hypertension in COPD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)804-818
Number of pages15
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume31
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2019

Fingerprint

Pulmonary diseases
Calpain
Tobacco
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Reactive Oxygen Species
Smoke
Chemical activation
Lung
Muscle
Bronchi
Pulmonary Artery
Smooth Muscle
Airway Resistance
Emphysema
Ventricular Pressure
Rodentia
Vascular Remodeling
Bronchial Arteries
Blood Pressure
Arterioles

Keywords

  • COPD
  • calpain
  • reactive oxygen species
  • tobacco smoke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Reactive Oxygen Species-Dependent Calpain Activation Contributes to Airway and Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease",
abstract = "Aims: Airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling is an important pathological feature in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Tobacco smoke (TS) induces the production of large amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in COPD lungs. We investigated how ROS lead to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling in COPD. Results: We used in vitro bronchial and pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (BSMCs and PASMCs), in vivo TS-induced COPD rodent models, and lung tissues of COPD patients. We found that H2O2 and TS extract (TSE) induced calpain activation in BSMCs and PASMCs. Calpain activation was elevated in smooth muscle of bronchi and pulmonary arterioles in COPD patients and TS-induced COPD rodent models. Calpain inhibition attenuated H2O2-and TSE-induced collagen synthesis and proliferation of BSMCs and PASMCs. Exposure to TS causes increases in airway resistance, right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), and thickening of bronchi and pulmonary arteries. Calpain inhibition by smooth muscle-specific knockout of calpain and the calpain inhibitor MDL28170 attenuated increases in airway resistance, RVSP, and thickening of bronchi and pulmonary arteries. Moreover, smooth muscle-specific knockout of calpain did not reduce TS-induced emphysema in the mouse model, but MDL28170 did reduce TS-induced emphysema in the rat model. Innovation: This study provides the first evidence that ROS-induced calpain activation contributes to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling in TS-induced COPD. Calpain might be a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of COPD. Conclusion: These results indicate that ROS-induced calpain activation contributes to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling and pulmonary hypertension in COPD.",
keywords = "COPD, calpain, reactive oxygen species, tobacco smoke",
author = "Jing Zhu and Laszlo Kovacs and Weihong Han and Guojun Liu and Yuqing Huo and Rudolf Lucas and David Fulton and Greer, {Peter A.} and Yunchao Su",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
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doi = "10.1089/ars.2018.7648",
language = "English (US)",
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pages = "804--818",
journal = "Antioxidants and Redox Signaling",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Reactive Oxygen Species-Dependent Calpain Activation Contributes to Airway and Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

AU - Zhu, Jing

AU - Kovacs, Laszlo

AU - Han, Weihong

AU - Liu, Guojun

AU - Huo, Yuqing

AU - Lucas, Rudolf

AU - Fulton, David

AU - Greer, Peter A.

AU - Su, Yunchao

PY - 2019/10/20

Y1 - 2019/10/20

N2 - Aims: Airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling is an important pathological feature in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Tobacco smoke (TS) induces the production of large amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in COPD lungs. We investigated how ROS lead to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling in COPD. Results: We used in vitro bronchial and pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (BSMCs and PASMCs), in vivo TS-induced COPD rodent models, and lung tissues of COPD patients. We found that H2O2 and TS extract (TSE) induced calpain activation in BSMCs and PASMCs. Calpain activation was elevated in smooth muscle of bronchi and pulmonary arterioles in COPD patients and TS-induced COPD rodent models. Calpain inhibition attenuated H2O2-and TSE-induced collagen synthesis and proliferation of BSMCs and PASMCs. Exposure to TS causes increases in airway resistance, right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), and thickening of bronchi and pulmonary arteries. Calpain inhibition by smooth muscle-specific knockout of calpain and the calpain inhibitor MDL28170 attenuated increases in airway resistance, RVSP, and thickening of bronchi and pulmonary arteries. Moreover, smooth muscle-specific knockout of calpain did not reduce TS-induced emphysema in the mouse model, but MDL28170 did reduce TS-induced emphysema in the rat model. Innovation: This study provides the first evidence that ROS-induced calpain activation contributes to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling in TS-induced COPD. Calpain might be a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of COPD. Conclusion: These results indicate that ROS-induced calpain activation contributes to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling and pulmonary hypertension in COPD.

AB - Aims: Airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling is an important pathological feature in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Tobacco smoke (TS) induces the production of large amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in COPD lungs. We investigated how ROS lead to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling in COPD. Results: We used in vitro bronchial and pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (BSMCs and PASMCs), in vivo TS-induced COPD rodent models, and lung tissues of COPD patients. We found that H2O2 and TS extract (TSE) induced calpain activation in BSMCs and PASMCs. Calpain activation was elevated in smooth muscle of bronchi and pulmonary arterioles in COPD patients and TS-induced COPD rodent models. Calpain inhibition attenuated H2O2-and TSE-induced collagen synthesis and proliferation of BSMCs and PASMCs. Exposure to TS causes increases in airway resistance, right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), and thickening of bronchi and pulmonary arteries. Calpain inhibition by smooth muscle-specific knockout of calpain and the calpain inhibitor MDL28170 attenuated increases in airway resistance, RVSP, and thickening of bronchi and pulmonary arteries. Moreover, smooth muscle-specific knockout of calpain did not reduce TS-induced emphysema in the mouse model, but MDL28170 did reduce TS-induced emphysema in the rat model. Innovation: This study provides the first evidence that ROS-induced calpain activation contributes to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling in TS-induced COPD. Calpain might be a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of COPD. Conclusion: These results indicate that ROS-induced calpain activation contributes to airway and pulmonary vascular remodeling and pulmonary hypertension in COPD.

KW - COPD

KW - calpain

KW - reactive oxygen species

KW - tobacco smoke

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U2 - 10.1089/ars.2018.7648

DO - 10.1089/ars.2018.7648

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