Relationship of performance on the sensory organization test to landing characteristics

Caleb D. Johnson, Valerie J Williams, Nicholas R. Heebner, Meleesa F. Wohleber, Andrew J. Simonson, Deirdre M. Rafferty, Andrew Reinert, Timothy C. Sell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Jump landing tasks have been used to assess landing characteristics and require significant sensorimotor feedback to maintain functional joint stability (FJS) throughout the task. Postural stability (PS) also requires significant sensorimotor feedback and control and would seemingly involve similar sensory feedback pathways. However, previous literature clarifying the relationship between these two processes, maintaining FJS and PS, is limited. 80 Special Tactics Operators. PS was assessed using the Sensory Organization Test (SOT). SOT variables included: Composite, Somatosensory, Visual, Vestibular, and Preference scores. Landing characteristics were assessed using motion analysis during a double-legged (DLSJ) and single-legged (SLSJ) stop jump task. Pearson’s correlation coefficients were calculated to assess the relationship between SOT scores and landing characteristics (α <.05). For the DLSJ, significant correlations were found between: Composite and peak posterior ground reaction forces (−.257), Vestibular and peak knee abduction moment (−.237), and Preference and initial contact hip flexion (−.297), peak hip flexion (−.249). For the SLSJ, significant correlations were found between: Somatosensory and peak vertical ground reaction forces (−.246); Preference and initial contact hip flexion (−.295), peak hip flexion (−.262). The results indicate that the SOT may not be a sensitive enough tool to assess sensorimotor control in a healthy, athletic population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1155-1161
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 19 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Sensory Feedback
Hip
Joints
Sports
Knee
Population

Keywords

  • landing mechanics
  • Postural stability
  • sensory organization test
  • SOT
  • stop-jump

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Johnson, C. D., Williams, V. J., Heebner, N. R., Wohleber, M. F., Simonson, A. J., Rafferty, D. M., ... Sell, T. C. (2018). Relationship of performance on the sensory organization test to landing characteristics. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(10), 1155-1161. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1363402

Relationship of performance on the sensory organization test to landing characteristics. / Johnson, Caleb D.; Williams, Valerie J; Heebner, Nicholas R.; Wohleber, Meleesa F.; Simonson, Andrew J.; Rafferty, Deirdre M.; Reinert, Andrew; Sell, Timothy C.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 36, No. 10, 19.05.2018, p. 1155-1161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Johnson, CD, Williams, VJ, Heebner, NR, Wohleber, MF, Simonson, AJ, Rafferty, DM, Reinert, A & Sell, TC 2018, 'Relationship of performance on the sensory organization test to landing characteristics', Journal of Sports Sciences, vol. 36, no. 10, pp. 1155-1161. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1363402
Johnson, Caleb D. ; Williams, Valerie J ; Heebner, Nicholas R. ; Wohleber, Meleesa F. ; Simonson, Andrew J. ; Rafferty, Deirdre M. ; Reinert, Andrew ; Sell, Timothy C. / Relationship of performance on the sensory organization test to landing characteristics. In: Journal of Sports Sciences. 2018 ; Vol. 36, No. 10. pp. 1155-1161.
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