Reliability of the pictorial scale of perceived movement skill competence in 2 diverse samples of young children

Lisa M. Barnett, Leah E. Robinson, E. Kipling Webster, Nicola D. Ridgers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose was to determine the reliability of an instrument designed to assess young children's perceived movement skill competence in 2 diverse samples. Methods: A pictorial instrument assessed 12 perceived Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) based on the Test of Gross Motor Development 2nd edition. Intra-Class Correlations (ICC) and internal consistency analyses were conducted. Paired sample t tests assessed change in mean perceived skill scores. Bivariate correlations between the intertrial difference and the mean of the trials explored proportional bias. Results: Sample 1 (S1) were culturally diverse Australian children (n = 111; 52% boys) aged 5 to 8 years (mean = 6.4, SD = 1.0) with educated parents. Sample 2 (S2) were racially diverse and socioeconomically disadvantaged American children (n = 110; 57% boys) aged 5 to 10 years (mean = 6.8, SD = 1.1). For all children, the internal consistency for 12 FMS was acceptable (S1 = 0.72, 0.75, S2 = 0.66, 0.67). ICCs were higher in S1 (0.73) than S2 (0.50). Mean changes between trials were small. There was little evidence of proportional bias. Conclusion: Lower values in S2 may be due to differences in study demographic and execution. While the instrument demonstrated reliability/internal consistency, further work is recommended in diverse samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1045-1051
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 2015

Keywords

  • Child
  • Locomotor
  • Motor perceptions
  • Movement skill
  • Object control
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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