Renal perfusion pressure is an important determinant of sodium and calcium excretion in DOC-salt hypertension

Michael W. Brands, John E. Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study tested the hypothesis that the increased renal perfusion pressure in DOC-salt hypertension is essential for the maintenance of sodium balance and is responsible for the hypercalciuria associated with this model. Twelve chronically instrumented dogs were placed on a high salt intake and mean arterial pressure (MAP) was measured 24 h/day. After a control period, a 17-day DOC infusion period was begun. In six dogs, however, renal perfusion pressure (RPP) to both kidneys was maintained at control levels for the first 12 days of the DOC infusion by the continuous, servo-controlled adjustment of a suprarenal silastic occluder on the abdominal aorta. The servo-controlled dogs had significantly more sodium retention and a greater increase in blood pressure than the six control DOC hypertensive dogs. Urinary calcium excretion in the control dogs began to increase from 24 ± 6 mg/day on day 1 of DOC, and increased progressively to 100 ± 14 and 175 ± 30 mg/day by days 7 and 12, respectively. Plasma ionized calcium decreased, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) (1-84) increased, significantly by day 4. The hypercalciuria was not different in the servo-controlled dogs for the first 7 days of DOC, but was attenuated thereafter. Thus, increased RPP is important in restoring sodium balance and in maintaining the calciuresis in DOC-salt hypertension; however, other mechanisms also are important, particularly during the onset of hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1199-1207
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Volume11
Issue number10 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • DOC-salt hypertension
  • Dog
  • Renal perfusion pressure
  • Sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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