Inhibition of the Janus-associated kinases (JAK) with ruxolitinib (RUX) reduces graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in preclinical and clinical models. In total 19 allograft recipients with moderate/severe steroid-dependent chronic GVHD received RUX as ≥2nd line salvage. RUX was well tolerated, and led to complete/partial resolution of oral (92/7%), cutaneous (82/0%), hepatic (71/28%), gastro-intestinal (75/17%), musculoskeletal (33/67%), pulmonary (0/80%), scleroderma (0/75%), vaginal (0/75%), and ocular (0/100%) chronic GVHD. Overall 18 achieved partial response and 1 complete response according to NIH Consensus Criteria. Responses occurred early and were sustained which enabled discontinuation (68%) or reduction of steroids to physiologic doses (21%). We conclude that RUX is an effective steroid-sparing agent in chronic GVHD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas