Speeding up two string-matching algorithms

M. Crochemore, A. Czumaj, L. Gasieniec, S. Jarominek, T. Lecroq, W. Plandowski, W. Rytter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Scopus citations


We show how to speed up two string-matching algorithms: the Boyer-Moore algorithm (BM algorithm), and its version called here the reverse factor algorithm (RF algorithm). The RF algorithm is based on factor graphs for the reverse of the pattern. The main feature of both algorithms is that they scan the text right-to-left from the supposed right position of the pattern. The BM algorithm goes as far as the scanned segment (factor) is a suffix of the pattern. The RF algorithm scans while the segment is a factor of the pattern. Both algorithms make a shift of the pattern, forget the history, and start again. The RF algorithm usually makes bigger shifts than BM, but is quadratic in the worst case. We show that it is enough to remember the last matched segment (represented by two pointers to the text) to speed up the RF algorithm considerably (to make a linear number of inspections of text symbols, with small coefficient), and to speed up the BM algorithm (to make at most 2 ·n comparisons). Only a constant additional memory is needed for the search phase. We give alternative versions of an accelerated RF algorithm: the first one is based on combinatorial properties of primitive words, and the other two use the power of suffix trees extensively. The paper demonstrates the techniques to transform algorithms, and also shows interesting new applications of data structures representing all subwords of the pattern in compact form.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-267
Number of pages21
JournalLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Issue number4-5
StatePublished - Nov 1 1994
Externally publishedYes
Event9th Annual Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science, STACS 1992 - Cachan, France
Duration: Feb 13 1992Feb 15 1992


  • Analysis of algorithms
  • Combinatorial problems
  • Data retrieval
  • Pattern matching
  • Periods
  • String matching
  • Suffix automaton
  • Suffix tree
  • Text processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


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