Strengthening India’s Response to HIV/AIDS Epidemic Through Strategic Planning, Innovative Financing, and Mathematical Modeling: Key Achievements over the Last 3 Decades

Ramesh Bhat, Kurapati Sudhakar, Thomas Kurien, Arni S.R.Srinivasa Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Indian HIV/AIDS numbers during the 2000s did not reach the high proportion of estimations provided by the WHO and UNAIDS. The number of HIV infections was high around 2.4 million in the 2020s, but given the country’s population of 1.38 billion, the general positivity rate remained very low compared with several countries. There were several reasons for a successful control of the epidemic in India, for example, setting-up of the National AIDS Control Programs, strategic priorities, surveillance and data management, mathematical modeling, and coordinating with the civil society and galvanizing public response. In this review article, we will provide a recollection of India’s response and management of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, challenges, and successful model building, and future challenges that play important role in sustaining the epidemic at a lower level and plan for reducing the future transmissions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)791-809
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of the Indian Institute of Science
Volume102
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Epidemic models
  • National health response
  • Surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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