High levels of telomerase activity and high rates of cell proliferation are associated with a poor prognosis in acute myelogenous leukemia. Furthermore, cytokine production by leukemia cells is believed to play an important role in determining the proliferative characteristics of leukemia. The in vivo effects of two noncytotoxic agents on these parameters were determined in 33 acute myelogenous leukemia patients. Three daily doses of interleukin (IL) 4 or a single dose of amifostine reduced telomerase activity in the leukemia marrow cells in 7 of 9 and 11 of 13 patients, respectively. The administration of a single dose of amifostine resulted in a reduction in tumor necrosis factor α and IL-6 transcript levels in the marrow cells of 10 of 13 and 12 of 13 patients in which these transcripts were present. The administration of only three doses of IL-4 or a single dose of amifostine has a significant effect on leukemia cell parameters, which are believed to have a significant impact on the in vivo biology of the disease and on its response to remission induction therapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research