That feeling I get: Examination of the exercise intensity-affect-enjoyment relationship

Daniel Ryan Greene, Tina A. Greenlee, Steven J. Petruzzello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While affective responses to aerobic exercise are fairly well documented, only recently have affective responses to high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) been examined. Objective Evaluate affective responses before, during, and following, as well as enjoyment following, moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) and body weight interval exercise (BWIE), along with an inactive control. Methods Participants (N = 366; 215 females; 20.6 ± 2.3 yrs) were relatively active (76.8% reported exercising vigorously on a regular basis), and completed randomly ordered 15-min conditions: Walking (MICE), Quiet Reading (READ), BWIE (2 min activity, 1 min recovery). Affective state (Energy, Tiredness, Tension, Calmness) was assessed before (Pre), immediately after (Post-0), and 20 min after (Post-20) each condition; Enjoyment was assessed post condition only. Valenced affect (Feeling Scale; FS) was assessed Pre, during, Post-0, and Post-20. Results Affect changed from Pre to Post-0 with Condition x Time interactions (all ps < 0.001, Cohen's ds = 0.17 to 1.9) for all measures, reflecting improved affective state following BWIE and MICE relative to READ. FS progressively decreased during BWIE, but was significantly greater Post-20 relative to Pre. During MICE, FS increased and remained elevated at Post-20. Post exercise enjoyment was not different between BWIE and MICE, but both resulted in greater enjoyment relative to READ. Further, after accounting for age, sex, and baseline FS, in-task FS predicted significant unique variance in enjoyment for each condition (ps < 0.001). Conclusion These findings suggest BWIE, a variant of HIIE, is well-tolerated and results in similar enjoyment as moderate intensity continuous exercise. Additionally, while in-task affect declined during BWIE, affective valence was still positive throughout and was improved in both BWIE and MICE Post-20. BWIE may be an enjoyable alternative to more traditional steady state aerobic exercise, producing similar enjoyment and psychological benefits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume35
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

Emotions
Body Weight
Reading
Exercise
Walking
Psychology

Keywords

  • Affect
  • Affective valence
  • Enjoyment
  • Exercise intensity
  • Interval

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

That feeling I get : Examination of the exercise intensity-affect-enjoyment relationship. / Greene, Daniel Ryan; Greenlee, Tina A.; Petruzzello, Steven J.

In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Vol. 35, 01.03.2018, p. 39-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0efaa68244ef4b6e81158778ddcb6bd9,
title = "That feeling I get: Examination of the exercise intensity-affect-enjoyment relationship",
abstract = "While affective responses to aerobic exercise are fairly well documented, only recently have affective responses to high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) been examined. Objective Evaluate affective responses before, during, and following, as well as enjoyment following, moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) and body weight interval exercise (BWIE), along with an inactive control. Methods Participants (N = 366; 215 females; 20.6 ± 2.3 yrs) were relatively active (76.8{\%} reported exercising vigorously on a regular basis), and completed randomly ordered 15-min conditions: Walking (MICE), Quiet Reading (READ), BWIE (2 min activity, 1 min recovery). Affective state (Energy, Tiredness, Tension, Calmness) was assessed before (Pre), immediately after (Post-0), and 20 min after (Post-20) each condition; Enjoyment was assessed post condition only. Valenced affect (Feeling Scale; FS) was assessed Pre, during, Post-0, and Post-20. Results Affect changed from Pre to Post-0 with Condition x Time interactions (all ps < 0.001, Cohen's ds = 0.17 to 1.9) for all measures, reflecting improved affective state following BWIE and MICE relative to READ. FS progressively decreased during BWIE, but was significantly greater Post-20 relative to Pre. During MICE, FS increased and remained elevated at Post-20. Post exercise enjoyment was not different between BWIE and MICE, but both resulted in greater enjoyment relative to READ. Further, after accounting for age, sex, and baseline FS, in-task FS predicted significant unique variance in enjoyment for each condition (ps < 0.001). Conclusion These findings suggest BWIE, a variant of HIIE, is well-tolerated and results in similar enjoyment as moderate intensity continuous exercise. Additionally, while in-task affect declined during BWIE, affective valence was still positive throughout and was improved in both BWIE and MICE Post-20. BWIE may be an enjoyable alternative to more traditional steady state aerobic exercise, producing similar enjoyment and psychological benefits.",
keywords = "Affect, Affective valence, Enjoyment, Exercise intensity, Interval",
author = "Greene, {Daniel Ryan} and Greenlee, {Tina A.} and Petruzzello, {Steven J.}",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.10.009",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "39--46",
journal = "Psychology of Sport and Exercise",
issn = "1469-0292",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - That feeling I get

T2 - Examination of the exercise intensity-affect-enjoyment relationship

AU - Greene, Daniel Ryan

AU - Greenlee, Tina A.

AU - Petruzzello, Steven J.

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - While affective responses to aerobic exercise are fairly well documented, only recently have affective responses to high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) been examined. Objective Evaluate affective responses before, during, and following, as well as enjoyment following, moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) and body weight interval exercise (BWIE), along with an inactive control. Methods Participants (N = 366; 215 females; 20.6 ± 2.3 yrs) were relatively active (76.8% reported exercising vigorously on a regular basis), and completed randomly ordered 15-min conditions: Walking (MICE), Quiet Reading (READ), BWIE (2 min activity, 1 min recovery). Affective state (Energy, Tiredness, Tension, Calmness) was assessed before (Pre), immediately after (Post-0), and 20 min after (Post-20) each condition; Enjoyment was assessed post condition only. Valenced affect (Feeling Scale; FS) was assessed Pre, during, Post-0, and Post-20. Results Affect changed from Pre to Post-0 with Condition x Time interactions (all ps < 0.001, Cohen's ds = 0.17 to 1.9) for all measures, reflecting improved affective state following BWIE and MICE relative to READ. FS progressively decreased during BWIE, but was significantly greater Post-20 relative to Pre. During MICE, FS increased and remained elevated at Post-20. Post exercise enjoyment was not different between BWIE and MICE, but both resulted in greater enjoyment relative to READ. Further, after accounting for age, sex, and baseline FS, in-task FS predicted significant unique variance in enjoyment for each condition (ps < 0.001). Conclusion These findings suggest BWIE, a variant of HIIE, is well-tolerated and results in similar enjoyment as moderate intensity continuous exercise. Additionally, while in-task affect declined during BWIE, affective valence was still positive throughout and was improved in both BWIE and MICE Post-20. BWIE may be an enjoyable alternative to more traditional steady state aerobic exercise, producing similar enjoyment and psychological benefits.

AB - While affective responses to aerobic exercise are fairly well documented, only recently have affective responses to high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) been examined. Objective Evaluate affective responses before, during, and following, as well as enjoyment following, moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) and body weight interval exercise (BWIE), along with an inactive control. Methods Participants (N = 366; 215 females; 20.6 ± 2.3 yrs) were relatively active (76.8% reported exercising vigorously on a regular basis), and completed randomly ordered 15-min conditions: Walking (MICE), Quiet Reading (READ), BWIE (2 min activity, 1 min recovery). Affective state (Energy, Tiredness, Tension, Calmness) was assessed before (Pre), immediately after (Post-0), and 20 min after (Post-20) each condition; Enjoyment was assessed post condition only. Valenced affect (Feeling Scale; FS) was assessed Pre, during, Post-0, and Post-20. Results Affect changed from Pre to Post-0 with Condition x Time interactions (all ps < 0.001, Cohen's ds = 0.17 to 1.9) for all measures, reflecting improved affective state following BWIE and MICE relative to READ. FS progressively decreased during BWIE, but was significantly greater Post-20 relative to Pre. During MICE, FS increased and remained elevated at Post-20. Post exercise enjoyment was not different between BWIE and MICE, but both resulted in greater enjoyment relative to READ. Further, after accounting for age, sex, and baseline FS, in-task FS predicted significant unique variance in enjoyment for each condition (ps < 0.001). Conclusion These findings suggest BWIE, a variant of HIIE, is well-tolerated and results in similar enjoyment as moderate intensity continuous exercise. Additionally, while in-task affect declined during BWIE, affective valence was still positive throughout and was improved in both BWIE and MICE Post-20. BWIE may be an enjoyable alternative to more traditional steady state aerobic exercise, producing similar enjoyment and psychological benefits.

KW - Affect

KW - Affective valence

KW - Enjoyment

KW - Exercise intensity

KW - Interval

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85033379387&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85033379387&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.10.009

DO - 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.10.009

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85033379387

VL - 35

SP - 39

EP - 46

JO - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

JF - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

SN - 1469-0292

ER -