The application of multidimensional NMR to the study of soil humic substances

W. L. Kingery, A. J. Simpson, M. H.B. Hayes, M. A. Locke, Rickey Paige Hicks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Humic substances are the most abundant organic macromolecules in soils, and comprehension of their chemical structure is essential to understanding their role in terrestrial ecosystems. The one-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-spectroscopy techniques now used widely to study humic substances have provided important insight into humic structures, but the complexity of these macromolecules gives rise to resonance signals that are broad and have spectral overlap. This has prevented the definitive functional group assignments necessary for structural determination. Hence, interest has focused on more powerful two-dimensional NMR experiments, such as the homonuclear Total Correlation Spectroscopy (TOCSY) and Heteronuclear Multiple Quantum Coherence (HMQC), which were employed in the study of a soil humic acid standard. The purpose of this paper is to outline the potential of these techniques to the study of soil humic structures. The 2-D spectra produced were extremely encouraging, with multitudes of cross-peaks produced from both TOCSY and HMQC experiments. The identification of fatty ester/acid chains and amino acid couplings are given as examples. Results obtained with these NMR experiments indicate substantial improvements in functional group assignment capabilities and the potential for marked progress in the determination of the chemical structure of soil humic substances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-494
Number of pages12
JournalSoil Science
Volume165
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Fingerprint

humic substances
humic substance
nuclear magnetic resonance
nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
chemical structure
spectroscopy
functional group
soil
fatty acid esters
humic acids
organic soils
experiment
terrestrial ecosystem
humic acid
ester
amino acids
amino acid
methodology
acid

Keywords

  • HMQC
  • Humic substances
  • Molecular structures
  • Multidimensional NMR spectroscopy
  • TOCSY

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

Cite this

Kingery, W. L., Simpson, A. J., Hayes, M. H. B., Locke, M. A., & Hicks, R. P. (2000). The application of multidimensional NMR to the study of soil humic substances. Soil Science, 165(6), 483-494. https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-200006000-00004

The application of multidimensional NMR to the study of soil humic substances. / Kingery, W. L.; Simpson, A. J.; Hayes, M. H.B.; Locke, M. A.; Hicks, Rickey Paige.

In: Soil Science, Vol. 165, No. 6, 01.01.2000, p. 483-494.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kingery, WL, Simpson, AJ, Hayes, MHB, Locke, MA & Hicks, RP 2000, 'The application of multidimensional NMR to the study of soil humic substances', Soil Science, vol. 165, no. 6, pp. 483-494. https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-200006000-00004
Kingery, W. L. ; Simpson, A. J. ; Hayes, M. H.B. ; Locke, M. A. ; Hicks, Rickey Paige. / The application of multidimensional NMR to the study of soil humic substances. In: Soil Science. 2000 ; Vol. 165, No. 6. pp. 483-494.
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