The Association Between Stroke Mortality and Time of Admission and Participation in a Telestroke Network

Brian Witrick, Donglan Zhang, Jeffrey A. Switzer, David C. Hess, Lu Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Acute ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death. Patient outcomes, such as in-patient mortality, may be impacted by the time of arrival to the hospital. Telestroke networks have been found to be effective and safe at treating acute ischemic strokes. This paper investigated the association between mortality and time of arrival and hospital's participation in a telestroke network. Methods: Data were collected on ischemic stroke patients who arrived at 15 nonteaching hospitals in Georgia's Paul Coverdell Acute stroke registry from 2009 to 2016. After controlling for patient and hospital characteristics, multivariate logistic regression was conducted to assess whether time of arrival and telestroke participation was associated with in-hospital mortality. Subgroup analysis was conducted based on hospital bed size. Results: Overall, a total of 19,759 admissions for acute ischemic stroke were included in this analysis. The odds of dying in the hospital when arriving during the nighttime are 1.22 times the odds of dying when arriving during the day (95% CI: 1.04-1.45) and the odds of dying at a telestroke hospital are 53% lower than at a nontelestroke hospital (OR .47, 95% CI .31-.71). The associations were more prominent in large hospitals. Conclusions: Our study found that the hour of arrival for acute ischemic stroke is linked with in-hospital mortality in large hospitals, with patients more likely to die if they arrive during the nighttime hours as compared to the daytime hours. Telestroke participation is linked with lower odds of hospital mortality in all hospitals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104480
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

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Keywords

  • Telestroke
  • mortality
  • stroke
  • time metrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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