OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between atrial fibrillation and the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of slow delayed rectifier K(+) channel (I(Ks)) genes in Han nationality Chinese. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty of Han nationality Chinese (142 atrial fibrillation, 120 in-hospital and 118 out-hospital control) were enrolled in this study. Asian specific non-synonymous SNPs of KCNQ1 P448R, KCNQ1 R519H, KCNQ1 G643S, KCNE1 G38S and KCNE1 D85N were genotyped by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. A newly cloned KCNE4 gene was also screened for any possible SNP. RESULTS: The minor allele frequency of KCNQ1 P448R, KCNQ1 R519H, KCNQ1 G643S, KCNE1 G38S and KCNE1 D85N in out-hospital subjects was 0.079, 0, 0.042, 0.317 and 0.004, respectively. None of these SNPs was relationed with any atrial fibrillation phenotype. A KCNE4 E145D was discovered and proven statistically to relation significantly to atrial fibrillation by logistic regression analysis (OR = 1.66, P = 0.044). The minor allele frequency of KCNE4 E145D was as high as 0.271 in out-hospital subjects. CONCLUSIONS: None of the SNPs of KCNQ1 P448R, KCNQ1 R519H, KCNQ1 G643S, KCNE1 G38S and KCNE1 D85N was associated with atrial fibrillation phenotype, but KCNE4 E145D may relation to atrial fibrillation. The effect of KCNE4 E145D variation on the function of I(Ks) channel is to be determined.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases]|
|State||Published - Nov 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine