The CES-D as a Screen for Depression and Other Psychiatric Disorders in Adolescents

CAROL Z. GARRISON, CHERYL L. ADDY, KIRBY L. JACKSON, ROBERT E. McKEOWN, Jennifer L Waller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

264 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The performance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) as a screen for depression was explored in a two-stage epidemiological study of adolescents. The study consisted of a CES-D screening stage completed by a school sample of 2,465 young adolescents and a structured psychiatric interview stage completed by 332 mother-adolescent pairs. Adolescents with interview validated depression had elevated screening scores (X = 31.10, SD = 11.30) compared with individuals with no disorder (X = 21.01, SD = 11.77). Using receiver operating characteristic curves, a cut point of 12 for males produced the best overall screening characteristics (sensitivity = 0.85, specificity = 0.49), while for females, a cut point of 22 was optimal (sensitivity = 0.83, specificity = 0.77).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-641
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Psychiatry
Epidemiologic Studies
Depression
Interviews
Sensitivity and Specificity
ROC Curve
Mothers

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • depression
  • depressive symptoms
  • psychiatric disorder
  • screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

The CES-D as a Screen for Depression and Other Psychiatric Disorders in Adolescents. / GARRISON, CAROL Z.; ADDY, CHERYL L.; JACKSON, KIRBY L.; McKEOWN, ROBERT E.; Waller, Jennifer L.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 30, No. 4, 01.01.1991, p. 636-641.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

GARRISON, CAROL Z. ; ADDY, CHERYL L. ; JACKSON, KIRBY L. ; McKEOWN, ROBERT E. ; Waller, Jennifer L. / The CES-D as a Screen for Depression and Other Psychiatric Disorders in Adolescents. In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1991 ; Vol. 30, No. 4. pp. 636-641.
@article{81525ba732284fa3814136a02afa8ef9,
title = "The CES-D as a Screen for Depression and Other Psychiatric Disorders in Adolescents",
abstract = "The performance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) as a screen for depression was explored in a two-stage epidemiological study of adolescents. The study consisted of a CES-D screening stage completed by a school sample of 2,465 young adolescents and a structured psychiatric interview stage completed by 332 mother-adolescent pairs. Adolescents with interview validated depression had elevated screening scores (X = 31.10, SD = 11.30) compared with individuals with no disorder (X = 21.01, SD = 11.77). Using receiver operating characteristic curves, a cut point of 12 for males produced the best overall screening characteristics (sensitivity = 0.85, specificity = 0.49), while for females, a cut point of 22 was optimal (sensitivity = 0.83, specificity = 0.77).",
keywords = "adolescence, depression, depressive symptoms, psychiatric disorder, screening",
author = "GARRISON, {CAROL Z.} and ADDY, {CHERYL L.} and JACKSON, {KIRBY L.} and McKEOWN, {ROBERT E.} and Waller, {Jennifer L}",
year = "1991",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/00004583-199107000-00017",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "636--641",
journal = "Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry",
issn = "0890-8567",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The CES-D as a Screen for Depression and Other Psychiatric Disorders in Adolescents

AU - GARRISON, CAROL Z.

AU - ADDY, CHERYL L.

AU - JACKSON, KIRBY L.

AU - McKEOWN, ROBERT E.

AU - Waller, Jennifer L

PY - 1991/1/1

Y1 - 1991/1/1

N2 - The performance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) as a screen for depression was explored in a two-stage epidemiological study of adolescents. The study consisted of a CES-D screening stage completed by a school sample of 2,465 young adolescents and a structured psychiatric interview stage completed by 332 mother-adolescent pairs. Adolescents with interview validated depression had elevated screening scores (X = 31.10, SD = 11.30) compared with individuals with no disorder (X = 21.01, SD = 11.77). Using receiver operating characteristic curves, a cut point of 12 for males produced the best overall screening characteristics (sensitivity = 0.85, specificity = 0.49), while for females, a cut point of 22 was optimal (sensitivity = 0.83, specificity = 0.77).

AB - The performance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) as a screen for depression was explored in a two-stage epidemiological study of adolescents. The study consisted of a CES-D screening stage completed by a school sample of 2,465 young adolescents and a structured psychiatric interview stage completed by 332 mother-adolescent pairs. Adolescents with interview validated depression had elevated screening scores (X = 31.10, SD = 11.30) compared with individuals with no disorder (X = 21.01, SD = 11.77). Using receiver operating characteristic curves, a cut point of 12 for males produced the best overall screening characteristics (sensitivity = 0.85, specificity = 0.49), while for females, a cut point of 22 was optimal (sensitivity = 0.83, specificity = 0.77).

KW - adolescence

KW - depression

KW - depressive symptoms

KW - psychiatric disorder

KW - screening

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025775984&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025775984&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/00004583-199107000-00017

DO - 10.1097/00004583-199107000-00017

M3 - Article

C2 - 1890099

AN - SCOPUS:0025775984

VL - 30

SP - 636

EP - 641

JO - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

SN - 0890-8567

IS - 4

ER -