The effect of a multi-component smoking cessation intervention in African American women residing in public housing

Jeannette O. Andrews, Gwen Felton, Mary Ellen Wewers, Jennifer Waller, Martha Tingen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a multi-component smoking cessation intervention in African American women residing in public housing. The intervention consisted of: (a) nurse led behavioral/empowerment counseling; (b) nicotine replacement therapy; and, (c) community health workers to enhance smoking self-efficacy, social support, and spiritual well-being. The results showed a 6-month continuous smoking abstinence of 27.5% and 5.7% in the intervention and comparison groups. Changes in social support and smoking self-efficacy over time predicted smoking abstinence, and self-efficacy mediated 6-month smoking abstinence outcomes. Spiritual well-being did not predictor mediate smoking abstinence outcomes. These findings support the use of a nurse/community health worker model to deliver culturally tailored behavioral interventions with marginalized communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-60
Number of pages16
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007

Keywords

  • Community
  • Minority groups
  • Smoking cessation
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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