The effectiveness of a pre-procedural mouthrinse in reducing bacteria on radiographic phosphor plates

Allison Hunter, Sajitha Kalathingal, Michael Shrout, Kevin Plummer, Stephen Looney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This study assessed the effectiveness of three antimicrobial mouthrinses in reducing microbial growth on photostimulable phosphor (PSP) plates. Materials and Methods: Prior to performing a full-mouth radiographic survey (FMX), subjects were asked to rinse with one of the three test rinses (Listerine®, Decapinol®, or chlorhexidine oral rinse 0.12%) or to refrain from rinsing. Four PSP plates were sampled from each FMX through collection into sterile containers upon exiting the scanner. Flame-sterilized forceps were used to transfer the PSP plates onto blood agar plates (5% sheep blood agar). The blood agar plates were incubated at 37oC for up to 72 h. An environmental control blood agar plate was incubated with each batch. Additionally, for control, 25 gas-sterilized PSP plates were plated onto blood agar and analyzed. Results: The mean number of bacterial colonies per plate was the lowest in the chlorhexidine group, followed by the Decapinol, Listerine, and the no rinse negative control groups. Only the chlorhexidine and Listerine groups were significantly different (p=0.005). No growth was observed for the 25 gas-sterilized control plates or the environmental control blood agar plates. Conclusion: The mean number of bacterial colonies was the lowest in the chlorhexidine group, followed by the Decapinol, Listerine, and the no rinse groups. Nonetheless, a statistically significant difference was found only in the case of Listerine. Additional research is needed to test whether a higher concentration (0.2%) or longer exposure period (two consecutive 30 s rinse periods) would be helpful in reducing PSP plate contamination further with chlorhexidine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-154
Number of pages6
JournalImaging Science in Dentistry
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Chlorhexidine
  • Delmopinol
  • Diagnostic imaging
  • Listerine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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