The Effects of Calcium Hydroxide on Dentin Permeability

D. H. Pashley, S. Kalathoor, D. Burnham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Calcium hydroxide paste was applied to human dentin in vitro to determine its effects on dentin permeability. Discs of dentin were acid-etched on both sides to permit determination of their maximum permeability. Smear layers were then applied to the enamel sides of the discs, thereby reducing dentin permeability 99%. Topical application of Ca(OH)2 paste to the smear layer reduced dentin permeability further, to levels 48% below that of untreated smear layers. When the Ca(OH) 2-treated smear layers were exposed to 6% citric acid for two min, dentin permeability returned to the initial acid-etched value, demonstrating that Ca(OH)2 offers little protection to acid challenge. Treatment of acid-etched dentin with Ca(OH)2 produced a similar reduction in dentin permeability, which was restored to normal following acid challenge. Thus, Ca(OH)2 is effective at reducing the permeability of both the smear layer and of acid-etched dentin, in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-420
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

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Dentin Permeability
Calcium Hydroxide
Smear Layer
Dentin
Acids
Ointments
Permeability
Dental Enamel
Citric Acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

The Effects of Calcium Hydroxide on Dentin Permeability. / Pashley, D. H.; Kalathoor, S.; Burnham, D.

In: Journal of Dental Research, Vol. 65, No. 3, 01.01.1986, p. 417-420.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pashley, D. H. ; Kalathoor, S. ; Burnham, D. / The Effects of Calcium Hydroxide on Dentin Permeability. In: Journal of Dental Research. 1986 ; Vol. 65, No. 3. pp. 417-420.
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