The effects of static stretching on running economy and endurance performance in female distance runners during treadmill running

Christopher Dylan Mojock, Jeong Su Kim, David W. Eccles, Lynn B. Panton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mojock, CD, Kim, J-S, Eccles, DW, and Panton, LB. The effects of static stretching on running economy and endurance performance in female distance runners during treadmill running. J Strength Cond Res 25(8): 2170-2176, 2011-Stretching can lead to decreased muscle stiffness and has been associated with decreased force and power production. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of static stretching (SS) on running economy and endurance performance in trained female distance runners. Twelve long distance female (30 ± 9 years) runners were assessed for height (159.4 ± 7.4 cm), weight (54.8 ± 7.2 kg), % body fat (19.7 ± 2.8%), and maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O 2max: 48.4 ± 5.1 ml·kg -1·min -1). Participants performed 2 sessions of 60-minute treadmill runs following a randomly assigned SS protocol or quiet sitting (QS). During the first 30 minutes (running economy), expired gases, heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded while the participant ran at 65% V̇O 2max. During the final 30 minutes (endurance performance), distance covered, speed, HR, and RPE were recorded while the participant attempted to cover as much distance as possible. Repeated measures analyses of variance were performed on the data. Significance was accepted at p < 0.05. The SS measured by sit-and-reach increased flexibility (SS: 29.8 ± 8.3 vs. QS: 33.1 ± 8.1 cm) but had no effect on running economy (V̇O 2: 33.7 6 3.2 vs. 33.8 6 2.3 ml·kg -1·min -1), calorie expenditure (270 ± 41 vs. 270 ± 41 kcal), HR (157 ± 10 vs. 160 ± 12 b·min -1), or endurance performance (5.5 ± 0.6 vs. 5.5 ± 0.7 km). These findings indicated that stretching did not have an adverse effect on endurance performance in trained women. This suggests that the performance decrements previously associated with stretching may not occur in trained women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2170-2176
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume25
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

Fingerprint

Muscle Stretching Exercises
Running
Heart Rate
Health Expenditures
Oxygen Consumption
Adipose Tissue
Analysis of Variance
Gases
Weights and Measures
Muscles

Keywords

  • Flexibility
  • Musculotendinous unit
  • Sit and reach
  • Stiffness
  • Warm-up

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

The effects of static stretching on running economy and endurance performance in female distance runners during treadmill running. / Mojock, Christopher Dylan; Kim, Jeong Su; Eccles, David W.; Panton, Lynn B.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 25, No. 8, 01.08.2011, p. 2170-2176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mojock, Christopher Dylan ; Kim, Jeong Su ; Eccles, David W. ; Panton, Lynn B. / The effects of static stretching on running economy and endurance performance in female distance runners during treadmill running. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2011 ; Vol. 25, No. 8. pp. 2170-2176.
@article{1f93e7e4b7d44a48b2fca3b4bb9009fc,
title = "The effects of static stretching on running economy and endurance performance in female distance runners during treadmill running",
abstract = "Mojock, CD, Kim, J-S, Eccles, DW, and Panton, LB. The effects of static stretching on running economy and endurance performance in female distance runners during treadmill running. J Strength Cond Res 25(8): 2170-2176, 2011-Stretching can lead to decreased muscle stiffness and has been associated with decreased force and power production. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of static stretching (SS) on running economy and endurance performance in trained female distance runners. Twelve long distance female (30 ± 9 years) runners were assessed for height (159.4 ± 7.4 cm), weight (54.8 ± 7.2 kg), {\%} body fat (19.7 ± 2.8{\%}), and maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O 2max: 48.4 ± 5.1 ml·kg -1·min -1). Participants performed 2 sessions of 60-minute treadmill runs following a randomly assigned SS protocol or quiet sitting (QS). During the first 30 minutes (running economy), expired gases, heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded while the participant ran at 65{\%} V̇O 2max. During the final 30 minutes (endurance performance), distance covered, speed, HR, and RPE were recorded while the participant attempted to cover as much distance as possible. Repeated measures analyses of variance were performed on the data. Significance was accepted at p < 0.05. The SS measured by sit-and-reach increased flexibility (SS: 29.8 ± 8.3 vs. QS: 33.1 ± 8.1 cm) but had no effect on running economy (V̇O 2: 33.7 6 3.2 vs. 33.8 6 2.3 ml·kg -1·min -1), calorie expenditure (270 ± 41 vs. 270 ± 41 kcal), HR (157 ± 10 vs. 160 ± 12 b·min -1), or endurance performance (5.5 ± 0.6 vs. 5.5 ± 0.7 km). These findings indicated that stretching did not have an adverse effect on endurance performance in trained women. This suggests that the performance decrements previously associated with stretching may not occur in trained women.",
keywords = "Flexibility, Musculotendinous unit, Sit and reach, Stiffness, Warm-up",
author = "Mojock, {Christopher Dylan} and Kim, {Jeong Su} and Eccles, {David W.} and Panton, {Lynn B.}",
year = "2011",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e859db",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "2170--2176",
journal = "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
issn = "1064-8011",
publisher = "NSCA National Strength and Conditioning Association",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of static stretching on running economy and endurance performance in female distance runners during treadmill running

AU - Mojock, Christopher Dylan

AU - Kim, Jeong Su

AU - Eccles, David W.

AU - Panton, Lynn B.

PY - 2011/8/1

Y1 - 2011/8/1

N2 - Mojock, CD, Kim, J-S, Eccles, DW, and Panton, LB. The effects of static stretching on running economy and endurance performance in female distance runners during treadmill running. J Strength Cond Res 25(8): 2170-2176, 2011-Stretching can lead to decreased muscle stiffness and has been associated with decreased force and power production. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of static stretching (SS) on running economy and endurance performance in trained female distance runners. Twelve long distance female (30 ± 9 years) runners were assessed for height (159.4 ± 7.4 cm), weight (54.8 ± 7.2 kg), % body fat (19.7 ± 2.8%), and maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O 2max: 48.4 ± 5.1 ml·kg -1·min -1). Participants performed 2 sessions of 60-minute treadmill runs following a randomly assigned SS protocol or quiet sitting (QS). During the first 30 minutes (running economy), expired gases, heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded while the participant ran at 65% V̇O 2max. During the final 30 minutes (endurance performance), distance covered, speed, HR, and RPE were recorded while the participant attempted to cover as much distance as possible. Repeated measures analyses of variance were performed on the data. Significance was accepted at p < 0.05. The SS measured by sit-and-reach increased flexibility (SS: 29.8 ± 8.3 vs. QS: 33.1 ± 8.1 cm) but had no effect on running economy (V̇O 2: 33.7 6 3.2 vs. 33.8 6 2.3 ml·kg -1·min -1), calorie expenditure (270 ± 41 vs. 270 ± 41 kcal), HR (157 ± 10 vs. 160 ± 12 b·min -1), or endurance performance (5.5 ± 0.6 vs. 5.5 ± 0.7 km). These findings indicated that stretching did not have an adverse effect on endurance performance in trained women. This suggests that the performance decrements previously associated with stretching may not occur in trained women.

AB - Mojock, CD, Kim, J-S, Eccles, DW, and Panton, LB. The effects of static stretching on running economy and endurance performance in female distance runners during treadmill running. J Strength Cond Res 25(8): 2170-2176, 2011-Stretching can lead to decreased muscle stiffness and has been associated with decreased force and power production. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of static stretching (SS) on running economy and endurance performance in trained female distance runners. Twelve long distance female (30 ± 9 years) runners were assessed for height (159.4 ± 7.4 cm), weight (54.8 ± 7.2 kg), % body fat (19.7 ± 2.8%), and maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O 2max: 48.4 ± 5.1 ml·kg -1·min -1). Participants performed 2 sessions of 60-minute treadmill runs following a randomly assigned SS protocol or quiet sitting (QS). During the first 30 minutes (running economy), expired gases, heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded while the participant ran at 65% V̇O 2max. During the final 30 minutes (endurance performance), distance covered, speed, HR, and RPE were recorded while the participant attempted to cover as much distance as possible. Repeated measures analyses of variance were performed on the data. Significance was accepted at p < 0.05. The SS measured by sit-and-reach increased flexibility (SS: 29.8 ± 8.3 vs. QS: 33.1 ± 8.1 cm) but had no effect on running economy (V̇O 2: 33.7 6 3.2 vs. 33.8 6 2.3 ml·kg -1·min -1), calorie expenditure (270 ± 41 vs. 270 ± 41 kcal), HR (157 ± 10 vs. 160 ± 12 b·min -1), or endurance performance (5.5 ± 0.6 vs. 5.5 ± 0.7 km). These findings indicated that stretching did not have an adverse effect on endurance performance in trained women. This suggests that the performance decrements previously associated with stretching may not occur in trained women.

KW - Flexibility

KW - Musculotendinous unit

KW - Sit and reach

KW - Stiffness

KW - Warm-up

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80052770302&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80052770302&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e859db

DO - 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e859db

M3 - Article

C2 - 21610517

AN - SCOPUS:80052770302

VL - 25

SP - 2170

EP - 2176

JO - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

JF - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

IS - 8

ER -