The Epidemiology of Pancreatic Cancer and the Association with Acetylsalicylic Acid in the United States: A Population-Based Study

George Khoudari, Motasem Alkhayyat, Mohannad Abou Saleh, Emad Mansoor, Muhammad Talal Sarmini, Firas Baidoun, Kenneth J. Vega, Madhusudhan R. Sanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives Pancreatic cancer (PaC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Multiple studies have investigated the epidemiology and the association between PaC and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) use, revealing mixed results. Using a large database, we sought to investigate the epidemiology of PaC. Methods Using a commercial database (Explorys Inc, Cleveland, Ohio), which includes electronic health record data from 26 major integrated US health care systems, all patients 18 years and older diagnosed with PaC for 5 years were identified based on Systematized Nomenclature Of Medicine - Clinical Terms. We determined the prevalence of PaC and the potential associated factors using univariable and multivariable analysis. Results Of the 32,970,850 individuals, we identified 30,250 individuals with PaC with an overall prevalence of 0.08%. Individuals with PaC were more likely to be males, seniors (age, >65 years), and White, compared with patients without PaC. In subgroup analysis of chronic pancreatitis, individuals on ASA, individuals >65 years, White, and White males were less likely to have PaC, and non-White females were more likely to have PaC. Conclusions This is the largest population-based study evaluating the epidemiology of PaC. We observed a protective association of ASA on a subgroup of patients with PaC and chronic pancreatitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1207-1212
Number of pages6
JournalPancreas
Volume49
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • ASA
  • ASA - acetylsalicylic acid
  • BMI - body mass index
  • CI - confidence interval
  • Key Words/Abbreviations
  • OR - odds ratio
  • PaC - pancreatic cancer
  • SNOMED-CT - Systemized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms
  • acetylsalicylic acid
  • aspirin
  • pancreatic cancer
  • prevalence of PaC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Hepatology
  • Endocrinology

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