The Experience of Racism and Anxiety Symptoms in an African-American Sample: Moderating Effects of Trait Mindfulness

Jessica R. Graham, Lindsey M. West, Lizabeth Roemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study explores the potential buffering effect of trait mindfulness on the impact of racism on anxiety symptomology in an African-American sample. Fifty-seven participants completed a questionnaire packet containing measures of anxious arousal and stress (general anxiety) symptoms, trait mindfulness, and experience of racist events. Results indicated that trait mindfulness moderated the relationship between past-year frequency of racist events and anxious arousal. Specifically, the relationship between past-year frequency of racist events and anxious arousal was significantly positive at low levels of trait mindfulness and not significant at high levels of trait mindfulness. The clinical implications of these findings and future research directions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)332-341
Number of pages10
JournalMindfulness
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • African-American
  • Anxiety
  • Discrimination
  • Mindfulness
  • Racism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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