The frequency of the γ chain variant AγT in different populations, and its use in evaluating γ gene expression in association with thalassemia

T. H.J. Huisman, F. Kutlar, T. Nakatsuji, A. Bruce-Tagoe, Y. Kilinç, M. N. Cauchi, C. Romero Garcia

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41 Scopus citations


The occurrence of the AγT chain (i.e. Aγ75 Ile→ Thr) in different populations was evaluated through a study of 4250 cord blood samples and blood samples from more than 350 SS1 patients. High frequencies were observed in Italy, Yugoslavia, Turkey, Holland, but also in Japan, Vietnam, and India. The chain is (nearly) absent in the Black population of Ghana and Kenya, and low frequencies were observed in China and Australian aborigines. Only a few adult SS patients (18 out of 357) were AγT heterozygotes. The chromosomes with the AγT globin gene were mapped through an evaluation of the presence of 10 different restriction sites. The AγT chromosomes from different populations were closely related and had the same subhaplotypes of [--++{star operator}-+] (Hinc II 5′ to ε; Xmn I 5′ to Gγ; Hind III in Gγ and Aγ; Hinc II in and 3′ to Ψβ), quite different from the subhaplotypes seen for AγT negative chromosomes.2 This suggests a common ancestor which may have originated in Southern Europe. An evaluation of the γ chain production by both chromosomes in SS patients and β-thalassemia heterozygotes was possible for subjects with an AγT heterozygosity. It was concluded that in β-thalassemia trait, the γ chain synthesis is directed for about two-thirds by the thalassemic chromosome and for about onethird by the normal chromosome; the contribution by the normal chromosome decreases with a decrease in total γ chain production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-133
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Genetics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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