The preovulatory ovary is composed of two primary tissue components, stroma and follicles. To assess the role of these tissue compartments in ovarian steroidogenesis, stromal tissue, follicular tissue, and a mixture of both tissues from pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG)-treated, prepubertal rats were perifused simultaneously for 8 h. The basal level of estradiol secretion by stromal tissue was lower (24 ± 3 pg/mg/30 min), than that secreted by follicles (64 ± 5.6 pg/mg/30 min, n = 6; p < 0.05). On the other hand, the mean basal levels of progesterone and testosterone secreted by stromal tissue (252 ± 14 pg/mg/30 min and 162 ± 18 pg/mg/30 min, respectively) were greater than those secreted by follicular tissue (84 ± 3 pg/mg/30 min and 81 ± 4pg/mg/30 min, respectively). When stromal and follicular tissue were combined the secretion of progesterone, testosterone and estradiol was intermediate to that of the separate tissues. Under gonadotropin stimulation (human menopausal gonadotropins plus follicle stimulating hormone), the follicular tissue secreted greater amounts of steroids than did the stromal tissue, or stromal plus follicular tissue. When stromal tissue and follicular tissue were combined, the levels of basal progesterone and testosterone secreted by both tissues were significantly lower than those of stromal tissue alone. However, the reduction in follicular estradiol secretion induced by stromal tissue under basal conditions, was in large part overcome during gonadotropin perifusion. These observations suggest that locally produced factors may play an inhibitory, paracrine role in the regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis.
- In Vitro Perifusion
- Rat Ovaries
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Obstetrics and Gynecology