The natural history of cervical cryosurgical healing: The minimal effect of debridement of the cervical eschar

D. M. Harper, Jr Mayeaux, T. P. Daaleman, L. D. Woodward, Daron Gale Ferris, C. A. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Cryosurgery is a favored treatment method for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) among family physicians, in part because it is inexpensive and requires the least technical training and skill. Although cervical cryosurgery has been used for more than 30 years, the natural history of the postprocedure process has never been described. The primary purpose of our study was to describe the natural history of the healing process after cervical cryosurgery. A secondary purpose was to determine the effect of mechanical debridement of the cervical eschar on the symptoms of healing. METHODS. We conducted a prospective multicentered trial in which women who had a histologically documented CIN lesion underwent cervical cryosurgery. Forty-six women were randomized to undergo eschar debridement at 48 hours after cryosurgery, and 38 women received standard care. All women were followed up and given preweighed sanitary pads for hydrorrhea (watery discharge) collection and a diary to record the severity and number of days of odor, pain, cramping, and hydrorrhea that were experienced. RESULTS. The average total amount of hydrorrhea or discharge was 288 g, which required using an average of 41 sanitary pads during a period of 12.4 days. The duration of odor was 8.9 days, and the pain and cramping experienced after cryosurgery lasted 4.7 days. Women who were obese had greater hydrorrhea and pad usage than nonobese women. Debridement of the cervical eschar did not significantly change the signs and symptoms of healing after cryosurgery. CONCLUSIONS. There are significant symptoms patients experience after cryosurgery that are not ameliorated by debridement. The expectations of the cryosurgical healing process should be disclosed to women before the procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)694-700
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Family Practice
Volume49
Issue number8
StatePublished - Sep 14 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
  • Cryosurgery
  • Debridement
  • History
  • Hydrorrhea [non-MESH]
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice

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    Harper, D. M., Mayeaux, J., Daaleman, T. P., Woodward, L. D., Ferris, D. G., & Johnson, C. A. (2000). The natural history of cervical cryosurgical healing: The minimal effect of debridement of the cervical eschar. Journal of Family Practice, 49(8), 694-700.