The overexpression of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase protects NOS III from nitric oxide-mediated inhibition

Lisa A. Brennan, Stephen Wedgwood, Janine M. Bekker, Stephen M. Black

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previously, we have demonstrated that increased superoxide generation plays a role in the nitric oxide (NO)-mediated inhibition of endothelial NO synthase (NOS III) in endothelial cells (ECs). In this study we demonstrate that the source of the superoxide is likely due to both NADPH oxidase and NOS III itself. Further, this increase appears to be linked to the activation of PKC, as PMA could mimic the increase and PKC inhibition ameliorate the increase. To further investigate this phenomenon we determined the effect of overexpression of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) and Manganese-SOD (Mn-SOD) on the inhibitory effects of NO. Using adenoviral infection we demonstrated that SOD activity was increased and superoxide levels decreased, in both CuZn-SOD and Mn-SOD overexpressing cells compared to cells infected with an adenovirus expressing bacterial β-galactosidase protein. However, only the CuZn-SOD overexpression reduced the NO-mediated inhibition of NOS III. In addition, the level of NO-induced peroxynitrite generation and nitrated NOS III protein were reduced only in the CuZn-SOD overexpressing cells. In conclusion, our results indicate that superoxide and peroxynitrite are involved in the inhibition of NOS III by NO, and that the scavenging of superoxide may be necessary to prevent NOS III inhibition during treatments that involve inhaled NO or NO donors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)827-838
Number of pages12
JournalDNA and cell biology
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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