The p150 isoform of ADAR1 blocks sustained RLR signaling and apoptosis during influenza virus infection

Olivia A. Vogel, Julianna Han, Chieh Yu Liang, Santhakumar Manicassamy, Jasmine T. Perez, Balaji Manicassamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Signaling through retinoic acid inducible gene I (RIG-I) like receptors (RLRs) is tightly regulated, with activation occurring upon sensing of viral nucleic acids, and suppression mediated by negative regulators. Under homeostatic conditions aberrant activation of melanoma differentiation-associated protein-5 (MDA5) is prevented through editing of endogenous dsRNA by RNA editing enzyme Adenosine Deaminase Acting on RNA (ADAR1). In addition, ADAR1 is postulated to play pro-viral and antiviral roles during viral infections that are dependent or independent of RNA editing activity. Here, we investigated the importance of ADAR1 isoforms in modulating influenza A virus (IAV) replication and revealed the opposing roles for ADAR1 isoforms, with the nuclear p110 isoform restricting versus the cytoplasmic p150 isoform promoting IAV replication. Importantly, we demonstrate that p150 is critical for preventing sustained RIG-I signaling, as p150 deficient cells showed increased IFN-β expression and apoptosis during IAV infection, independent of RNA editing activity. Taken together, the p150 isoform of ADAR1 is important for preventing sustained RIG-I induced IFN-β expression and apoptosis during viral infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1008842
JournalPLoS Pathogens
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Virology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The p150 isoform of ADAR1 blocks sustained RLR signaling and apoptosis during influenza virus infection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this