The rates of adhesion development and the effects of crystalloid solutions on adhesion development in pelvic surgery

David M. Wiseman, J. Richard Trout, Michael P. Diamond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

118 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To document rates of adhesion development after abdomino- pelvic surgery, stratified by adhesion type, access method, and use of crystalloid solution instillates. Design: Reports from a MEDLINE search (1/1/1966-12/18/1996) detailing rates of adhesion development and meeting the inclusion criteria were subjected to meta-analysis. Setting: Meta-analysis. Patient(s): Patients undergoing abdomino-pelvic surgery. Intervention(s): Intraperitoneal crystalloid solution instillates. Main Outcome Measure(s): Percentage adhesion-free outcome in patients ('patients') or surgical sites ('sites'). Result(s): Adhesion-free outcome (sites) was lowest for reformed (26.3% laparotomy; 14.3% laparoscopy), higher for de novo 1b (direct trauma) (45.2% laparotomy, 37.2% laparoscopy), and highest for de novo 1a (indirect trauma) adhesions (82.4% laparoscopy). Crystalloid solution instillates reduced adhesion-free outcome at sites (45.2% versus 20% de novo 1b adhesions in laparotomy) and in patients (43.5% versus 19.9% reformed, laparotomy; 71.7% versus 25% de novo 1b, laparoscopy). Conclusion(s): Adhesion-free outcome was lowest for reformed, higher for de novo 1b, and highest for de novo la adhesions. Surprisingly, it was lower in laparoscopy than in laparotomy for de novo lb and reformed adhesions. Crystalloid instillates did not increase adhesion-free outcome. Although limited by the retrospective and heterogeneous nature of the data, these conclusions nonetheless provide a basis on which to formulate future hypotheses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)702-711
Number of pages10
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume70
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adhesion formation
  • Adhesion-free outcome
  • Adhesions
  • Crystalloids
  • Gynecologic surgery
  • Laparoscopy
  • Laparotomy
  • Meta-analysis
  • Pelvic surgery
  • Ringer's lactate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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