The role of β-arrestins in regulating stem cell phenotypes in normal and tumorigenic cells

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

β-Arrestins (ARRBs) are ubiquitously expressed scaffold proteins that mediate inactivation of G-protein-coupled receptor signaling, and in certain circumstances, G-protein independent pathways. Intriguingly, the two known ARRBs, β-arrestin1 (ARRB1) and β-Arrestin2 (ARRB2), seem to have opposing functions in regulating signaling cascades in several models in health and disease. Recent evidence suggests that ARRBs are implicated in regulating stem cell maintenance; however, their role, although crucial, is complex, and there is no universal model for ARRB-mediated regulation of stem cell characteristics. For the first time, this review compiles information on the function of ARRBs in stem cell biology and will discuss the role of ARRBs in regulating cell signaling pathways implicated in stem cell maintenance in normal and malignant stem cell populations. Although promising targets for cancer therapy, the ubiquitous nature of ARRBs and the plethora of functions in normal cell biology brings challenges for treatment selectivity. However, recent studies show promising evidence for specifically targeting ARRBs in myeloproliferative neoplasms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9310
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume21
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • Cancer stem cells
  • Self-renewal
  • Stem cell phenotype
  • β-arrestin1 (ARRB1)
  • β-arrestin2 (ARRB2)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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