In the pediatric cancer neuroblastoma, clinically aggressive disease is associated with increased levels of angiogenesis stimulators and high vascular index. We and others have hypothesized that blocking angiogenesis may be effective treatment for this pediatric malignancy. However, little is known about the efficacy of antiangiogenic agents in pediatric malignancies. Recently, promising results have been reported in an adult phase I study of ABT-510, a peptide derivative of the natural angiogenic inhibitor thrombospondin-1. Histone deacetylase inhibitors, such as valproic acid (VPA), have also been shown to have antiangiogenic activity in several cancer models. In this study, we evaluated the effects of ABT-510 and VPA on neuroblastoma tumor growth and angiogenesis. Although only VPA was capable of blocking the proliferation of neuroblastoma cells and inducing neuroblastoma cell apoptosis in vitro, treatment with VPA or ABT-510 alone significantly suppressed the growth of neuroblastoma xenografts established from two different MYCN-amplified cell lines. Combination therapy more effectively inhibited the growth of small neuroblastoma xenografts than single-agent treatment, and in animals with large xenografts, total cessation of tumor growth was achieved with this treatment approach. The microvascular density was significantly reduced in the xenografts treated with combination therapy compared with controls or tumors treated with single agents. In addition, the number of structurally abnormal vessels was reduced, suggesting that these agents may "normalize" the tumor vasculature. Our results indicate that ABT-510 combined with VPA may be an effective antiangiogenic treatment strategy for children with high-risk neuroblastoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research