Toward gene therapy of endometriosis: adenovirus-mediated delivery of dominant negative estrogen receptor genes inhibits cell proliferation, reduces cytokine production, and induces apoptosis of endometriotic cells

Essam Eldin R. Othman, Salama Salama, Nahed Ismail, Ayman Al-Hendy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To use dominant negative mutants of estrogen receptor genes delivered to endometriosis cells via an adenovirus vector (Ad-DN-ER) to abrogate estrogen action on these cells. Design: Experimental in vitro study. Setting: University research laboratory. Patient(s): Patients with ovarian endometriomas provided endometriotic cells, and patients with uterine prolapse or subserous leiomyoma provided control endometrial cells. Intervention(s): Transfection of endometriotic cells by dominant negative estrogen receptor genes via adenovirus vector (Ad-DN-ER). Main Outcome Measure(s): The main outcome measures were cellular proliferation, cytokine production, and induction of apoptosis in endometriotic cells. Result(s): Coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor mRNA expression and adenovirus transduction efficiency were significantly higher in endometriotic than normal endometrial cells. Ad-DN-ER-treated endometriotic cells, as compared with control virus-treated cells, showed cell rounding and detachment (cell death), a 72% reduction in the number of viable cells 5 days after transduction, significantly less production of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (7.8 ± 0.5 vs. 152.8 ± 1.9 pg/mL, respectively), vascular endothelial growth factor (356.2 ± 11.6 vs. 997.3 ± 16.5 pg/mL, respectively), and interleukin-6 (268.7 ± 2.6 vs. 414.5 ± 3.6 pg/mL, respectively), and a significantly higher percentage of apoptotic cells (51.2 ± 7.8 vs. 23.8 ± 1.7, respectively). Conclusion(s): An adenovirus can effectively transfect endometriotic cells in vitro. The DN-ER delivered to endometriotic cells via an adenovirus decreases cell proliferation, induces apoptosis, and decreases cytokine production. Adenovirus-mediated gene therapy may represent a potential therapeutic option for endometriosis in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)462-471
Number of pages10
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume88
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2007

Keywords

  • Endometriosis
  • adenovirus
  • dominant negative
  • gene therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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