Toxicological evaluation and hepatoprotective potential of Clerodendron glandulosum.Coleb leaf extract

Ravirajsinh N. Jadeja, Menaka Thounaojam, Ansarullah, Snehal V. Jadav, Mitul D. Patel, Dipak K. Patel, Sunita P. Salunke, Geeta S. Padate, Ranjitsinh V. Devkar, A. V. Ramachandran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This inventory evaluates toxicological effects and hepatoprotective potential of Clerodendron glandulosum.Coleb (CG) aqueous extract. Acute and subchronic toxicity tests were performed using Swiss albino mice as per the guideline of Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Also, hepatoprotective potential of CG extract was examined in experimental model of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity. Acute and subchronic toxicity tests revealed that CG extract is non-toxic and its median lethal dose (LD50) value is >5000 mg/kg bodyweight. Also, rats pretreated with CG extract followed by administration of CCl4 recorded significant decrement in plasma marker enzymes of hepatic damage, total bilirubin content and hepatic lipid peroxidation. While, hepatic reduced glutathione, ascorbic acid content, activity levels of superoxide and catalase and plasma total protein content were significantly increased. Microscopic examination of liver showed that pretreatment with CG extract prevented CCl 4-induced hepatic damage in CG + CCl4 group. CG extract has hepatoprotective potential by modulating activity levels of enzymes and metabolites governing liver function and by helping in maintaining cellular integrity of hepatocytes that is comparable with that of standard drug silymarin. CG extract exhibits potent hepatoprotective activity against CCl 4-induced hepatic damage but does not exhibit any toxic manifestations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-70
Number of pages8
JournalHuman and Experimental Toxicology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Clerodendrum
Liver
Toxicology
Toxicity
Silymarin
Plasmas
Carbon Tetrachloride
Poisons
Subchronic Toxicity Tests
Enzymes
Metabolites
Bilirubin
Superoxides
Catalase
Ascorbic Acid
Glutathione
Rats
Microscopic examination
Acute Toxicity Tests
Lipids

Keywords

  • Clerodendron glandulosum.Coleb
  • carbon tetrachloride
  • hepatotoxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Toxicological evaluation and hepatoprotective potential of Clerodendron glandulosum.Coleb leaf extract. / Jadeja, Ravirajsinh N.; Thounaojam, Menaka; Ansarullah; Jadav, Snehal V.; Patel, Mitul D.; Patel, Dipak K.; Salunke, Sunita P.; Padate, Geeta S.; Devkar, Ranjitsinh V.; Ramachandran, A. V.

In: Human and Experimental Toxicology, Vol. 30, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 63-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jadeja, RN, Thounaojam, M, Ansarullah, Jadav, SV, Patel, MD, Patel, DK, Salunke, SP, Padate, GS, Devkar, RV & Ramachandran, AV 2011, 'Toxicological evaluation and hepatoprotective potential of Clerodendron glandulosum.Coleb leaf extract', Human and Experimental Toxicology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 63-70. https://doi.org/10.1177/0960327110368420
Jadeja, Ravirajsinh N. ; Thounaojam, Menaka ; Ansarullah ; Jadav, Snehal V. ; Patel, Mitul D. ; Patel, Dipak K. ; Salunke, Sunita P. ; Padate, Geeta S. ; Devkar, Ranjitsinh V. ; Ramachandran, A. V. / Toxicological evaluation and hepatoprotective potential of Clerodendron glandulosum.Coleb leaf extract. In: Human and Experimental Toxicology. 2011 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 63-70.
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