Trunk and hip muscle activation during yoga poses: Do sex-differences exist?

Lori Ann Bolgla, Leonard Amodio, Kristen Archer, Jillian Estes, Rachelle Leung, Katherine Magoni, Alyssa Mullikin, Dylan Roberts, Mekenzie Weems, Debra A Beazley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare core activation during yoga between males and females. Methods: Surface electromyography was used to quantify rectus abdominis (RA), abdominal obliques (AO), lumbar extensors (LE), and gluteus maximus (GMX) activation during four yoga poses. Data were expressed as 100% of a maximum voluntary isometric contraction. Mixed-model 2 × 2 analyses of variance with repeated measures were used to determine between-sex differences in muscle activity. Results: Females generated greater RA activity than males during the High Plank (P < 0.0001) and Dominant-Side Warrior 1 (P = 0.017). They generated greater AO (P < 0.0001) and GMX (P = 0.004) activity during the High Plank (P < 0.0001). No between-sex EMG activity differences existed for the Chair and Upward Facing Dog. Conclusion: Findings have provided preliminary evidence for between-sex differences in muscle activation during yoga poses. Clinicians should consider such differences when prescribing yoga to improve muscle strength and endurance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)256-261
Number of pages6
JournalComplementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Volume31
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

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Yoga
Sex Characteristics
Hip
Muscles
Rectus Abdominis
Isometric Contraction
Muscle Strength
Electromyography
Analysis of Variance

Keywords

  • Complementary medicine
  • Gender
  • Surface electromyography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

Trunk and hip muscle activation during yoga poses : Do sex-differences exist? / Bolgla, Lori Ann; Amodio, Leonard; Archer, Kristen; Estes, Jillian; Leung, Rachelle; Magoni, Katherine; Mullikin, Alyssa; Roberts, Dylan; Weems, Mekenzie; Beazley, Debra A.

In: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, Vol. 31, 01.05.2018, p. 256-261.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bolgla, Lori Ann ; Amodio, Leonard ; Archer, Kristen ; Estes, Jillian ; Leung, Rachelle ; Magoni, Katherine ; Mullikin, Alyssa ; Roberts, Dylan ; Weems, Mekenzie ; Beazley, Debra A. / Trunk and hip muscle activation during yoga poses : Do sex-differences exist?. In: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. 2018 ; Vol. 31. pp. 256-261.
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AU - Magoni, Katherine

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