Tubular occlusion prevents water-treeing and through-and-through fluid movement in a single-bottle, one-step self-etch adhesive model

F. R. Tay, D. H. Pashley, N. Hiraishi, S. Imazato, F. A. Rueggeberg, U. Salz, J. Zimmermann, N. M. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations


Water entrapment occurs at resin-dentin interfaces of one-step self-etch adhesives. We hypothesized that by preventing water fluxes from dentin, any water entrapment would be attributed to incomplete removal of adhesive solvents. We tested this hypothesis by bonding to transparent carious dentin containing occluded dentinal tubules. An experimental single-bottle, one-step self-etch adhesive was applied to flat surfaces of caries-affected dentin surrounded by sound dentin, with or without pulpal pressure. Resin-dentin interfaces were examined with TEM after silver-impregnation. Although caries-affected dentin was highly porous, adhesive layers were devoid of silver deposits when tubules were occluded. Conversely, variable extents of water-treeing and water-droplets were identified from adhesive layers in bonded sound dentin. Water-treeing and water-droplet formation, being manifestations of evaporative and convective water fluxes, can be eliminated during bonding to occluded transparent carious dentin. However, the highly porous nature of this clinically relevant substrate after bonding may lead to potentially undesirable consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)891-896
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2005



  • Caries-affected dentin
  • Fluid transudation
  • One-step self-etch
  • Sound dentin
  • Water-treeing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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