Unveiling Tumor Microenvironment Interactions Using Zebrafish Models

Reid Loveless, Chloe Shay, Yong Teng

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The tumor microenvironment (TME) is a rich and active arena that is strategically evolved overtime by tumors to promote their survival and dissemination. Over the years, attention has been focused to characterize and identify the tumor-supporting roles and subsequent targeting potentials of TME components. Nevertheless, recapitulating the human TME has proved inherently challenging, leaving much to be explored. In this regard, in vivo model systems like zebrafish, with its optical clarity, ease of genetic manipulation, and high engraftment, have proven to be indispensable for TME modeling and investigation. In this review, we discuss the recent ways by which zebrafish models have lent their utility to provide new insights into the various cellular and molecular mechanisms driving TME dynamics and tumor support. Specifically, we report on innate immune cell interactions, cytokine signaling, metastatic plasticity, and other processes within the metastatic cascade. In addition, we reflect on the arrival of adult zebrafish models and the potential of patient-derived xenografts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number611847
JournalFrontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2021

Keywords

  • preclinical models
  • tumor escape
  • tumor microenvironment
  • tumor support
  • zebrafish

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)

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