Upper respiratory tract infections in adolescents.

Christopher Bradford White, W. S. Foshee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) cause much infectious morbidity in infants and young children, adolescents are not immune to infections. Adolescents experience two to four episodes of viral nasopharyngitis annually. In addition to group A streptococcus (GAS), pharyngitis may occur with other streptococci, Arcanobacterium haemolyticum, Epstein-Barr virus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and other pathogens. Uvulits, typically in association with GAS, occurs occasionally. Peritonsillar abscess is the most common deep neck space infection seen in adolescents, but retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscesses also occur, causing major morbidity. Adolescents experience fewer cases of otitis media than younger children. Rhinosinusitis occurs commonly in adolescents, occasionally leading to chronic sinusitis and serious sequelae such as osteomyelitis. This article reviews the major URTIs likely to be encountered by physicians caring for adolescents. For each entity there is a brief description of the epidemiology, morbidity, microbiology, clinical and laboratory features, treatment, and prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-249
Number of pages25
JournalAdolescent medicine (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Volume11
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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Respiratory Tract Infections
Streptococcus
Morbidity
Arcanobacterium
Nasopharyngitis
Retropharyngeal Abscess
Peritonsillar Abscess
Pharyngitis
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Sinusitis
Otitis Media
Osteomyelitis
Microbiology
Infection
Human Herpesvirus 4
Epidemiology
Neck
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Upper respiratory tract infections in adolescents. / White, Christopher Bradford; Foshee, W. S.

In: Adolescent medicine (Philadelphia, Pa.), Vol. 11, No. 2, 01.01.2000, p. 225-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

White, CB & Foshee, WS 2000, 'Upper respiratory tract infections in adolescents.', Adolescent medicine (Philadelphia, Pa.), vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 225-249.
White, Christopher Bradford ; Foshee, W. S. / Upper respiratory tract infections in adolescents. In: Adolescent medicine (Philadelphia, Pa.). 2000 ; Vol. 11, No. 2. pp. 225-249.
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