Use of transmissible plasmids as cloning vectors in Caulobacter crescentus

Patricia V. Schoenlein, Lilly M. Gallman, Bert Ely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cloning vectors for studies of Caulobacter crescentus genes should be transferable between Escherichia coli and C. crescentus since a transformation system has not been developed for C. crescentus. We have tested a large number of vectors containing IncP or IncQ replicons and found that many of the vectors containing IncQ replicons, and all but one of the vectors containing IncP replicons, are readily transferred by conjugation into C. crescentus. All of the plasmids tested were maintained in C. crescentus at 1 to 5 copies per cell, but plasmids containing IncP replicons were more stable than plasmids containing IncQ replicons. Further studies with a derivative of the IncQ plasmid R300B showed that when a promoterless kanamycin (Km)-resistance gene (npt2) was inserted into the intercistronic region of the sul-aphC (SuR-SmR) operon, Km resistance was expressed only when the npt2 gene was inserted such that it would be transcribed from the sul promoter. These data indicate that R300B does not contain sequences which would provide promoter function in C. crescentus in the orientation opposite to that of the sul operon and that any genes cloned in this orientation would require native promoters for expression. To provide greater versatility for cloning into R300B, additional vectors were constructed by the addition of multiple cloning sites in the intercistronic region of the sul-aphC operon. In addition, chromosomal DNA libraries were constructed in R300B and in the cosmid vector pLAFR1-7. Specific clones from these libraries containing genes of interest were identified by complementation of the appropriate C. crescentus mutants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-329
Number of pages9
JournalGene
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 30 1988
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Broad-host-range
  • cosmids
  • genomic library
  • recombinant DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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