UV emission of Gd3+ in the presence of Cu2+: Towards luminescence quenching through quantum cutting?

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Abstract

Abstract The first investigation into the ultraviolet (UV) photoluminescence of gadolinium(III) in the presence of copper(II) is reported. A melt-quenched barium phosphate glass was used as a model matrix. The optical spectroscopy assessment shows that with increasing CuO concentration the Cu2+ absorption band grows steadily, whereas the UV emission from Gd3+ ions is progressively quenched. The data, thus, suggests the existence of a Gd3+→Cu2+ energy-transfer process ocurring through quantum cutting. A downconversion/cross-relaxation pathway proceeding through a virtual state in Gd3+ is proposed. These findings suggest gadolinium(III) could potentially be used in the optical sensing of copper(II). A quantum cut above: Photoluminescence quenching of Gd3+ ions in the presence of Cu2+ impurities in glass is demonstrated. The phenomenon of quantum cutting is proposed to be involved in the energy transfer between Gd3+ and Cu2+ ions. The findings suggest the potential of gadolinium(III) for optical sensing of copper(II), which could be explored for analytical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1683-1686
Number of pages4
JournalChemPhysChem
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

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Keywords

  • copper
  • gadolinium
  • glasses
  • luminescence
  • rare earths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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