The timing of sleep and wakefulness are under the influence of the circadian pacemaker in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, and the set-point for the circadian pacemaker is revealed by the time of onset of the secretion of melatonin under dim light conditions (DLMO). Measuring DLMO is time intensive and requires biochemical assays; hence it would be desirable to develop simpler alternatives to DLMO measurement that would otherwise provide similar information about health and illness. Continuous, multi-day measurement of actigraphy can be processed to reveal underlying features such as the time of greatest activity (acrophase), or the time of least activity (bathyphase). In this paper, we explore the calculation of the acrophase and bathyphase using a statistical approach called functional data analysis (FDA), and validated the FDA-calculated bathyphase by correlating it with morningness–eveningness self-reports from 47 depressed adults.
- functional data analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Physiology (medical)