Variables associated with patient activation in persons with multiple sclerosis

Marie Christine R. Goodworth, L. A.R.A. Stepleman, Judith Hibbard, Lisa Johns, Dustin Wright, Mary D. Hughes, Mitzi J. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Identifying variables associated with patient activation in the multiple sclerosis population could serve to facilitate better multiple sclerosis self-management behaviors. Using a cross-sectional survey design, 199 participants were recruited from a multiple sclerosis center in the Southeastern United States. Depression, multiple sclerosis quality of life, and multiple Sclerosis self-efficacy were all significantly correlated with patient activation. Results of a hierarchical regression indicated that patient activation was significantly related to educational attainment, depression, and self-efficacy but not to quality of life. The results suggest several possible targets for intervention to increase patient activation, including health literacy, depression symptoms, and self-efficacy for multiple sclerosis disease management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-92
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • chronic illness
  • coping
  • depression
  • health psychology
  • self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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    Goodworth, M. C. R., Stepleman, L. A. R. A., Hibbard, J., Johns, L., Wright, D., Hughes, M. D., & Williams, M. J. (2016). Variables associated with patient activation in persons with multiple sclerosis. Journal of Health Psychology, 21(1), 82-92. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105314522085