Verapamil

Influence upon Basal and Stimulated Rat Growth Hormone and Prolactin Release in Vitro

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Abstract

Verapamil is an organic calcium antagonist which is believed to prevent the passage of calcium (Ca2+) across the cell membrane into the cell. In a rat pituitary perifusion-immunoprecipitation system, verapamil (50 μM) prevents the inhibitory effect of increased extracellular Ca2+ (5.4 mM) on basal and stimulated release of stored, prelabeled [3H]GH and [3H]PRL. [3H]GH release from pituitary explants perifused in standard medium (GIBCO Minimum Essential Medium: 1.8 mM Ca2+) is transiently increased by 50 μM verapamil while [3H]PRL release is suppressed. With continued exposure to 50 μM verapamil, [3H]GH release rates fall below (89.8 ± 2.1% of base) preverapamil levels while [3H]PRL release rates simply remain suppressed (48.2 ± 7.3% of base). With 250 μM verapamil, poststimulatory inhibition of [3H]GH release occurs more quickly, and after its withdrawal rebound release of both GH and PRL occur. Inhibition of [3H]GH release by 25 nM somatostatin (SRIF) and post-SRIF rebound [3H]GH release is not prevented by 50 μM verapamil. The early, rapid [3H]GH release phase of 1 mM dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP) stimulation is potentiated by verapamil pretreatment, but only if the verapamil is continued during dbcAMP stimulation. Potassium (21 mM K+)-stimulated release of both 3H-labeled hormones is inhibited after similar pretreatment 50 μM verapamil. Conclusions: (a) verapamil antagonizes the inhibitory effects of increased extracellular Ca2+ on basal or dbcAMP-stimulated [3H]GH and [3H]PRL release; (b) in standard medium (1.8 mM Ca2+), 50 μM verapamil increases basal [3H]GH release suggesting either a direct effect or an antagonism of 1.8 mM extracellular Ca2+; (c) although verapamil-sensitive Ca2+ movement is not necessary for dbcAMP stimulation of [3H]GH release, verapamil potentiates dbcAMP-stimulated release; (d) because verapamil also inhibits K+-stimulated [3H]GH and [3H]PRL release, these observations support previous suggestions that K+- and dbcAMP-stimulated rapid hormone release occurs from different intracellular sites; and (e) because verapamil does not prevent any phase of SRIF action and since these two agents differentially alter K+- and cAMP-stimulated release, their mechanisms of action must partially differ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-117
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Volume173
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

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Verapamil
Prolactin
Growth Hormone
Rats
Bucladesine
In Vitro Techniques
Hormones
Calcium
Cell membranes
Somatostatin
Immunoprecipitation
Potassium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

@article{bef834f46948409d879ec7d1aabf7fde,
title = "Verapamil: Influence upon Basal and Stimulated Rat Growth Hormone and Prolactin Release in Vitro",
abstract = "Verapamil is an organic calcium antagonist which is believed to prevent the passage of calcium (Ca2+) across the cell membrane into the cell. In a rat pituitary perifusion-immunoprecipitation system, verapamil (50 μM) prevents the inhibitory effect of increased extracellular Ca2+ (5.4 mM) on basal and stimulated release of stored, prelabeled [3H]GH and [3H]PRL. [3H]GH release from pituitary explants perifused in standard medium (GIBCO Minimum Essential Medium: 1.8 mM Ca2+) is transiently increased by 50 μM verapamil while [3H]PRL release is suppressed. With continued exposure to 50 μM verapamil, [3H]GH release rates fall below (89.8 ± 2.1{\%} of base) preverapamil levels while [3H]PRL release rates simply remain suppressed (48.2 ± 7.3{\%} of base). With 250 μM verapamil, poststimulatory inhibition of [3H]GH release occurs more quickly, and after its withdrawal rebound release of both GH and PRL occur. Inhibition of [3H]GH release by 25 nM somatostatin (SRIF) and post-SRIF rebound [3H]GH release is not prevented by 50 μM verapamil. The early, rapid [3H]GH release phase of 1 mM dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP) stimulation is potentiated by verapamil pretreatment, but only if the verapamil is continued during dbcAMP stimulation. Potassium (21 mM K+)-stimulated release of both 3H-labeled hormones is inhibited after similar pretreatment 50 μM verapamil. Conclusions: (a) verapamil antagonizes the inhibitory effects of increased extracellular Ca2+ on basal or dbcAMP-stimulated [3H]GH and [3H]PRL release; (b) in standard medium (1.8 mM Ca2+), 50 μM verapamil increases basal [3H]GH release suggesting either a direct effect or an antagonism of 1.8 mM extracellular Ca2+; (c) although verapamil-sensitive Ca2+ movement is not necessary for dbcAMP stimulation of [3H]GH release, verapamil potentiates dbcAMP-stimulated release; (d) because verapamil also inhibits K+-stimulated [3H]GH and [3H]PRL release, these observations support previous suggestions that K+- and dbcAMP-stimulated rapid hormone release occurs from different intracellular sites; and (e) because verapamil does not prevent any phase of SRIF action and since these two agents differentially alter K+- and cAMP-stimulated release, their mechanisms of action must partially differ.",
author = "Stachura, {M. E.}",
year = "1983",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3181/00379727-173-41617",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "173",
pages = "109--117",
journal = "Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (New York, N. Y.)",
issn = "1535-3702",
publisher = "Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Verapamil

T2 - Influence upon Basal and Stimulated Rat Growth Hormone and Prolactin Release in Vitro

AU - Stachura, M. E.

PY - 1983/1/1

Y1 - 1983/1/1

N2 - Verapamil is an organic calcium antagonist which is believed to prevent the passage of calcium (Ca2+) across the cell membrane into the cell. In a rat pituitary perifusion-immunoprecipitation system, verapamil (50 μM) prevents the inhibitory effect of increased extracellular Ca2+ (5.4 mM) on basal and stimulated release of stored, prelabeled [3H]GH and [3H]PRL. [3H]GH release from pituitary explants perifused in standard medium (GIBCO Minimum Essential Medium: 1.8 mM Ca2+) is transiently increased by 50 μM verapamil while [3H]PRL release is suppressed. With continued exposure to 50 μM verapamil, [3H]GH release rates fall below (89.8 ± 2.1% of base) preverapamil levels while [3H]PRL release rates simply remain suppressed (48.2 ± 7.3% of base). With 250 μM verapamil, poststimulatory inhibition of [3H]GH release occurs more quickly, and after its withdrawal rebound release of both GH and PRL occur. Inhibition of [3H]GH release by 25 nM somatostatin (SRIF) and post-SRIF rebound [3H]GH release is not prevented by 50 μM verapamil. The early, rapid [3H]GH release phase of 1 mM dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP) stimulation is potentiated by verapamil pretreatment, but only if the verapamil is continued during dbcAMP stimulation. Potassium (21 mM K+)-stimulated release of both 3H-labeled hormones is inhibited after similar pretreatment 50 μM verapamil. Conclusions: (a) verapamil antagonizes the inhibitory effects of increased extracellular Ca2+ on basal or dbcAMP-stimulated [3H]GH and [3H]PRL release; (b) in standard medium (1.8 mM Ca2+), 50 μM verapamil increases basal [3H]GH release suggesting either a direct effect or an antagonism of 1.8 mM extracellular Ca2+; (c) although verapamil-sensitive Ca2+ movement is not necessary for dbcAMP stimulation of [3H]GH release, verapamil potentiates dbcAMP-stimulated release; (d) because verapamil also inhibits K+-stimulated [3H]GH and [3H]PRL release, these observations support previous suggestions that K+- and dbcAMP-stimulated rapid hormone release occurs from different intracellular sites; and (e) because verapamil does not prevent any phase of SRIF action and since these two agents differentially alter K+- and cAMP-stimulated release, their mechanisms of action must partially differ.

AB - Verapamil is an organic calcium antagonist which is believed to prevent the passage of calcium (Ca2+) across the cell membrane into the cell. In a rat pituitary perifusion-immunoprecipitation system, verapamil (50 μM) prevents the inhibitory effect of increased extracellular Ca2+ (5.4 mM) on basal and stimulated release of stored, prelabeled [3H]GH and [3H]PRL. [3H]GH release from pituitary explants perifused in standard medium (GIBCO Minimum Essential Medium: 1.8 mM Ca2+) is transiently increased by 50 μM verapamil while [3H]PRL release is suppressed. With continued exposure to 50 μM verapamil, [3H]GH release rates fall below (89.8 ± 2.1% of base) preverapamil levels while [3H]PRL release rates simply remain suppressed (48.2 ± 7.3% of base). With 250 μM verapamil, poststimulatory inhibition of [3H]GH release occurs more quickly, and after its withdrawal rebound release of both GH and PRL occur. Inhibition of [3H]GH release by 25 nM somatostatin (SRIF) and post-SRIF rebound [3H]GH release is not prevented by 50 μM verapamil. The early, rapid [3H]GH release phase of 1 mM dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP) stimulation is potentiated by verapamil pretreatment, but only if the verapamil is continued during dbcAMP stimulation. Potassium (21 mM K+)-stimulated release of both 3H-labeled hormones is inhibited after similar pretreatment 50 μM verapamil. Conclusions: (a) verapamil antagonizes the inhibitory effects of increased extracellular Ca2+ on basal or dbcAMP-stimulated [3H]GH and [3H]PRL release; (b) in standard medium (1.8 mM Ca2+), 50 μM verapamil increases basal [3H]GH release suggesting either a direct effect or an antagonism of 1.8 mM extracellular Ca2+; (c) although verapamil-sensitive Ca2+ movement is not necessary for dbcAMP stimulation of [3H]GH release, verapamil potentiates dbcAMP-stimulated release; (d) because verapamil also inhibits K+-stimulated [3H]GH and [3H]PRL release, these observations support previous suggestions that K+- and dbcAMP-stimulated rapid hormone release occurs from different intracellular sites; and (e) because verapamil does not prevent any phase of SRIF action and since these two agents differentially alter K+- and cAMP-stimulated release, their mechanisms of action must partially differ.

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JO - Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (New York, N. Y.)

JF - Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (New York, N. Y.)

SN - 1535-3702

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