We had previously shown that the local lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus-induced delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction in mice consists of two well delineated phases that are mediated by CD8+ and CD4+ T lymphocytes, respectively. These findings have been confirmed and extended by showing that the first CD8+ cell-dependent part of the response was enhanced by either the presence of CD4+ cells or systemic treatment with IL-2 and that it developed in the absence of detectable numbers of mononuclear phagocytes, whereas the later CD4+ cell part required monocytes or related elements. Furthermore, in the DTH reaction that was elicited with noninfectious viral Ag in mice previously immunized by infection, only the CD4+ cells participated. Thus, the two phases of the lymphocytic choriomeningitis-viral DTH reaction are principally different, which has to be taken into account when trying to assess the relevance of DTH during this virus infection.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy